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Immunological changes following protein losing enteropathy after surgery total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) by cytomics
Author(s): József Bocsi; Dominik Lenz; Anja Mittag; Ursula Sauer; Lena Wild; John Hess; Dietmar Schranz; Jörg Hambsch; Peter Schneider; Attila Tárnok
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Paper Abstract

Complex immunophenotyping single-cell analysis are essential for systems biology and cytomics. The application of cytomics in immunology and cardiac research and diagnostics is very broad, ranging from the better understanding of the cardiovascular cell biology to the identification of heart function and immune consequences after surgery. TCPC or Fontan-type circulation is an accepted palliative surgery for patients with a functionally univentricular heart. Protein-losing enteropathy (PLE), the enteric loss of proteins, is a potential late complication after TCPC surgery. PLE etiology is poorly understood, but immunological factors seem to play a role. This study was aimed to gain insight into immune phenotype alterations following post-TCPC PLE. Patients were studied during routine follow-up up to 5yrs after surgery, blood samples of TCPC patients without (n=21, age 6.8±2.6 years at surgery; mean±SD) and with manifest PLE (n=12, age 12.8± 4.5 years at sampling) and age matched healthy children (control, n=22, age 8.6±2.5 years) were collected. Routine laboratory, immune phenotype and serological parameters were determined. Following PLE the immune phenotype dramatically changed with signs of acute inflammation (increased neutrophil and monocyte count, CRP, IL-8). In contrast, lymphocyte count (NK-cells, αβTCR+CD4+, αβTCR+CD8+ cells) decreased (p<0.001). The residual T-cells had elevated CD25 and CD69 expression. In PLE-patients unique cell populations with CD3+αβ/γδTCR- and αβTCR+CD4-8- phenotype were present in increased frequencies. Our studies show dramatically altered leukocyte phenotype after PLE in TCPC patients. These alterations resemble to changes in autoimmune diseases. We conclude that autoimmune processes may play a role in etiology and pathophysiology of PLE.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 February 2008
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 6859, Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues VI, 68590N (29 February 2008); doi: 10.1117/12.761640
Show Author Affiliations
József Bocsi, Heart Ctr. Leipzig, Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)
Dominik Lenz, Heart Ctr. Leipzig, Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)
Anja Mittag, Heart Ctr. Leipzig, Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)
Ursula Sauer, German Heart Ctr. Munich (Germany)
Lena Wild, Children's Hospital, Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)
John Hess, German Heart Ctr. Munich (Germany)
Dietmar Schranz, Univ. Hospital Giessen (Germany)
Jörg Hambsch, Heart Ctr. Leipzig, Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)
Peter Schneider, Heart Ctr. Leipzig, Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)
Attila Tárnok, Heart Ctr. Leipzig, Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6859:
Imaging, Manipulation, and Analysis of Biomolecules, Cells, and Tissues VI
Daniel L. Farkas; Dan V. Nicolau; Robert C. Leif, Editor(s)

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