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Proceedings Paper

Texture-based instrument segmentation in 3D ultrasound images
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Paper Abstract

The recent development of real-time 3D ultrasound enables intracardiac beating heart procedures, but the distorted appearance of surgical instruments is a major challenge to surgeons. In addition, tissue and instruments have similar gray levels in US images and the interface between instruments and tissue is poorly defined. We present an algorithm that automatically estimates instrument location in intracardiac procedures. Expert-segmented images are used to initialize the statistical distributions of blood, tissue and instruments. Voxels are labeled of voxels through an iterative expectation-maximization algorithm using information from the neighboring voxels through a smoothing kernel. Once the three classes of voxels are separated, additional neighboring information is used to give spatial information based on the shape of instruments in order to correct for misclassifications. We analyze the major axis of segmented data through their principal components and refine the results by a watershed transform, which corrects the results at the contact between instrument and tissue. We present results on 3D in-vitro data from a tank trial, and 3D in-vivo data from a cardiac intervention on a porcine beating heart. The comparison of algorithm results to expert-annotated images shows the correct segmentation and position of the instrument shaft.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6144, Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing, 61443J (15 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.649980
Show Author Affiliations
Marius George Linguraru, Harvard Univ. (United States)
Robert D. Howe, Harvard Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6144:
Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing
Joseph M. Reinhardt; Josien P. W. Pluim, Editor(s)

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