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Proceedings Paper

Atomic force stiffness imaging: capturing differences in mechanical properties to identify and localize areas of prostate cancer tissue
Author(s): Clara Essmann; Alex Freeman; Vijay M. Pawar; Danail Stoyanov
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Paper Abstract

Prostate cancer is now the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men in western countries. Due to the difficulty for early detection, there are an estimated 10000 deaths a year in the UK from prostate cancer alone; whereby the only curative option is interventional treatment that aims to excise all diseased cells while preserving the neurovascular bundle. To date, several studies have shown that the mechanical properties of cancer cells and tissues i.e. adhesion, stiffness, roughness and viscoelasticity are significantly different from benign cells and regions of tissue that are healthy. Building upon these results, we believe novel methods of imaging the mechanical properties of prostate cancer samples can provide new surgical intervention opportunities beyond what is possible through vision alone. In this paper, we used an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) to measure the stiffness and topography variations correlating to regions of prostate cancer at the surface of an excised sample at a cellular level. Preliminary results show that by using an AFM we can detect structural differences in non-homogeneous tissue samples, confirming previous results that cancerous tissues appear stiffer than benign areas. Through these results, we aim to develop a stiffness imaging protocol to aid the early detection of prostate cancer, in addition to force sensing surgical tools.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2018
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10576, Medical Imaging 2018: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 105761M (13 March 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2293686
Show Author Affiliations
Clara Essmann, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Alex Freeman, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Vijay M. Pawar, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)
Danail Stoyanov, Univ. College London (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10576:
Medical Imaging 2018: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
Baowei Fei; Robert J. Webster III, Editor(s)

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