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Proceedings Paper

Analysis of C-band spaceborne scatterometer thermal noise
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Paper Abstract

A scatterometer is a radar designed to measure the backscattering coefficient of distributed targets. In order to compute the backscatter from the received power, the scatterometer measures also the thermal noise power. This noise signal is composed of two components, the receiver thermal noise and the viewed ground radiance. The first component is instrument dependent and hence independent of the target and viewing geometry. The second component is target and viewing geometry dependent, it is proportional to the ground target brightness temperature. In this paper the noise signal measured by C-band scatterometers on-board ERS-2 and Metop-A satellites is analyzed. It was found that the noise signal carries valuable geophysical information, which is worth to be exploited. It is shown that the noise signal varies spatially, temporally and with viewing geometry. Thus, different targets (ocean, sea ice, land) could be easily identified. A comparison was carried out between the scatterometer noise and AMSR-E radiometer brightness temperature and high correlation was found. The noise signal processing (mainly noise subtraction) is discussed, including the assessment of the Noise Equivalent Sigma Zero and the Signal-to-noise ratio. This analysis leads to a better understanding of the noise signal and its impact on the backscatter processing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 October 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9240, Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2014, 924006 (10 October 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2068172
Show Author Affiliations
Anis Elyouncha, Royal Belgian Military Academy (Belgium)
Xavier Neyt, Royal Belgian Military Academy (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9240:
Remote Sensing of the Ocean, Sea Ice, Coastal Waters, and Large Water Regions 2014
Charles R. Bostater Jr.; Stelios P. Mertikas; Xavier Neyt, Editor(s)

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