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Proceedings Paper

Meta-image navigation augmenters for unmanned aircraft systems (MINA for UAS)
Author(s): Koray Ҫelik; Arun K. Somani; Bernard Schnaufer; Patrick Y. Hwang; Gary A. McGraw; Jeremy Nadke
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Paper Abstract

GPS is a critical sensor for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) due to its accuracy, global coverage and small hardware footprint, but is subject to denial due to signal blockage or RF interference. When GPS is unavailable, position, velocity and attitude (PVA) performance from other inertial and air data sensors is not sufficient, especially for small UASs. Recently, image-based navigation algorithms have been developed to address GPS outages for UASs, since most of these platforms already include a camera as standard equipage. Performing absolute navigation with real-time aerial images requires georeferenced data, either images or landmarks, as a reference. Georeferenced imagery is readily available today, but requires a large amount of storage, whereas collections of discrete landmarks are compact but must be generated by pre-processing. An alternative, compact source of georeferenced data having large coverage area is open source vector maps from which meta-objects can be extracted for matching against real-time acquired imagery. We have developed a novel, automated approach called MINA (Meta Image Navigation Augmenters), which is a synergy of machine-vision and machine-learning algorithms for map aided navigation. As opposed to existing image map matching algorithms, MINA utilizes publicly available open-source geo-referenced vector map data, such as OpenStreetMap, in conjunction with real-time optical imagery from an on-board, monocular camera to augment the UAS navigation computer when GPS is not available. The MINA approach has been experimentally validated with both actual flight data and flight simulation data and results are presented in the paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 May 2013
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8713, Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications X, 87130U (31 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015630
Show Author Affiliations
Koray Ҫelik, Iowa State Univ. (United States)
Arun K. Somani, Iowa State Univ. (United States)
Bernard Schnaufer, Rockwell Collins, Inc. (United States)
Patrick Y. Hwang, Rockwell Collins, Inc. (United States)
Gary A. McGraw, Rockwell Collins, Inc. (United States)
Jeremy Nadke, Rockwell Collins, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8713:
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications X
Daniel J. Henry; Davis A. Lange; Dale Linne von Berg; S. Danny Rajan; Thomas J. Walls; Darrell L. Young, Editor(s)

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