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Proceedings Paper

Characterization and discrimination of large caliber gun blast and flash signatures
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Paper Abstract

Two hundred and one firings of three 152 mm howitzer munitions were observed to characterize firing signatures of a large caliber gun. Muzzle blast expansion was observed with high-speed (1600 Hz) optical imagery. The trajectory of the blast front was well approximated by a modified point-blast model described by constant rate of energy deposition. Visible and near-infrared (450 - 850 nm) spectra of secondary combustion were acquired at ~0.75 nm spectral resolution and depict strong contaminant emissions including Li, Na, K, Cu, and Ca. The O2 (X→b) absorption band is evident in the blue wing of the potassium D lines and was used for monocular passive ranging accurate to within 4 - 9%. Timeresolved midwave infrared (1800 - 6000 cm-1) spectra were collected at 100 Hz and 32 cm-1 resolution. A low dimensional radiative transfer model was used to characterize plume emissions in terms of area, temperature, soot emissivity, and species concentrations. Combustion emissions have ~100 ms duration, 1200 - 1600 K temperature, and are dominated by H2O and CO2. Non-combusting plume emissions last ~20 ms, are 850 - 1050 K, and show significant continuum (emissivity ~0.36) and CO structure. Munitions were discriminated with 92 - 96% classification accuracy using only 1 - 3 firing signature features.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2012
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 8360, Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications IX, 836006 (8 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.920583
Show Author Affiliations
Bryan J. Steward, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Kevin C. Gross, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Glen P. Perram, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8360:
Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance (ISR) Systems and Applications IX
Daniel J. Henry; Davis A. Lange; Dale Linne von Berg; Darrell L. Young; Kenneth L. Bernier; Jeff J. Guell; Sreekanth Danny Rajan, Editor(s)

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