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Proceedings Paper

In search of Leonardo: computer-based facial image analysis of Renaissance artworks for identifying Leonardo as subject
Author(s): Christopher W. Tyler; William A. P. Smith; David G. Stork
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Paper Abstract

One of the enduring mysteries in the history of the Renaissance is the adult appearance of the archetypical "Renaissance Man," Leonardo da Vinci. His only acknowledged self-portrait is from an advanced age, and various candidate images of younger men are difficult to assess given the absence of documentary evidence. One clue about Leonardo's appearance comes from the remark of the contemporary historian, Vasari, that the sculpture of David by Leonardo's master, Andrea del Verrocchio, was based on the appearance of Leonardo when he was an apprentice. Taking a cue from this statement, we suggest that the more mature sculpture of St. Thomas, also by Verrocchio, might also have been a portrait of Leonardo. We tested the possibility Leonardo was the subject for Verrocchio's sculpture by a novel computational technique for the comparison of three-dimensional facial configurations. Based on quantitative measures of similarities, we also assess whether another pair of candidate two-dimensional images are plausibly attributable as being portraits of Leonardo as a young adult. Our results are consistent with the claim Leonardo is indeed the subject in these works, but we need comparisons with images in a larger corpora of candidate artworks before our results achieve statistical significance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 February 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8291, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVII, 82911D (20 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.904749
Show Author Affiliations
Christopher W. Tyler, The Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute (United States)
William A. P. Smith, The Univ. of York (United Kingdom)
David G. Stork, Rambus Labs (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8291:
Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVII
Bernice E. Rogowitz; Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas; Huib de Ridder, Editor(s)

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