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Proceedings Paper

Radio frequency (RF) transient classification using sparse representations over learned dictionaries
Author(s): Daniela I. Moody; Steven P. Brumby; Kary L. Myers; Norma H. Pawley
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Paper Abstract

Automatic classification of transitory or pulsed radio frequency (RF) signals is of particular interest in persistent surveillance and remote sensing applications. Such transients are often acquired in noisy, cluttered environments, and may be characterized by complex or unknown analytical models, making feature extraction and classification difficult. We propose a fast, adaptive classification approach based on non-analytical dictionaries learned from data. We compare two dictionary learning methods from the image analysis literature, the K-SVD algorithm and Hebbian learning, and extend them for use with RF data. Both methods allow us to learn discriminative RF dictionaries directly from data without relying on analytical constraints or additional knowledge about the expected signal characteristics. We then use a pursuit search over the learned dictionaries to generate sparse classification features in order to identify time windows that contain a target pulse. In this paper we compare the two dictionary learning methods and discuss how their performance changes as a function of dictionary training parameters. We demonstrate that learned dictionary techniques are suitable for pulsed RF analysis and present results with varying background clutter and noise levels.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 September 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8138, Wavelets and Sparsity XIV, 81381S (27 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.898894
Show Author Affiliations
Daniela I. Moody, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Univ. of Maryland (United States)
Steven P. Brumby, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Kary L. Myers, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
Norma H. Pawley, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8138:
Wavelets and Sparsity XIV
Manos Papadakis; Dimitri Van De Ville; Vivek K. Goyal, Editor(s)

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