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Proceedings Paper

Fibre optic systems for gas detection principals, progress and prospects
Author(s): Brian Culshaw
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Paper Abstract

Gas sensing is evolving into an important application contributing particularly to environmental and safety monitoring. Fibre optic sensing will have an important role to play as the need for gas measurements increase. This paper seeks to overview of the optical techniques which are compatible with fibre optic technology and present a limited snapshot of the applications. Fibre optic techniques offer intrinsic safety, reliability and very long interrogation distances over the fibre link together with prospects for highly multiplexed and distributed systems. There are two basic approaches for fibre sensing targeted at gas measurements. The first involves some intermediate compound in contact with the end of the fibre (or deposited along the fibre) whose optical properties change with the presence of the gas of interest, usually measured spectroscopically. The second involves direct absorption spectroscopy typically in the near infrared. Former techniques are invariably responsive to a number of gas species and are usually difficult to calibrate accurately. The latter techniques are highly gas specific and can be accurately calibrated. However both approaches have their application sectors depending upon particular measurement requirements. The paper presents a brief overview of the principles of both these techniques and analyses some of their applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 November 2010
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7853, Advanced Sensor Systems and Applications IV, 785302 (2 November 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.884483
Show Author Affiliations
Brian Culshaw, Univ. of Strathclyde (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7853:
Advanced Sensor Systems and Applications IV
Brian Culshaw; Yanbiao Liao; Anbo Wang; Xiaoyi Bao; Xudong Fan; Lin Zhang, Editor(s)

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