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Proceedings Paper

Fiber optics photoacoustic generation using gold nanoparticles as target
Author(s): Nan Wu; Kai Sun; Xingwei Wang
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Paper Abstract

Ultrasound transducers have been used in various applications such as nondestructive testing, acoustic response analysis of vascular tissues, and medical imaging. Most recent applications lead to a demand of more advanced ultrasound generators featuring higher central frequency, wider bandwidth and miniature size. In this paper, a novel ultrasound generator on an optical fiber tip is designed, fabricated and characterized. The ultrasound generator was fabricated by coating several layers of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) on the end face of a piece of commercially available optical fiber via a layer-by-layer (L-b-L) technique. The Au NPs were synthesized by a traditional sodium citrate reduction method and the diameter of Au NPs was controlled at 20 nm. The ultrasound is generated through photoacoustic procedure. By introducing excitation laser pulses on the Au NPs layer, the energy of laser is converted into the heat through photothermal mechanism. Then, the heat transforms into kinetic energy through thermalelastic mechanism. Thus, ultrasound can be generated. The experiment results showed that this kind of ultrasound generator shows wide bandwidth, high frequency and miniature size. By comparing to the conventional energy absorption material such as graphite, the Au NPs show high energy absorption efficiency and high thermal expansion rate. Therefore, the generator exhibits great potentials in intravascular imaging due to its miniature size.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 April 2011
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 7981, Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011, 798118 (13 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.880446
Show Author Affiliations
Nan Wu, Univ. of Massachusetts Lowell (United States)
Kai Sun, Univ. of Massachusetts Lowell (United States)
Xingwei Wang, Univ. of Massachusetts Lowell (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7981:
Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2011
Masayoshi Tomizuka, Editor(s)

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