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Proceedings Paper

Evaluation of the Bresenham algorithm for image reconstruction with ultrasound computer tomography
Author(s): Norbert Spieß; Michael Zapf; Nicole V. Ruiter
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Paper Abstract

At Karlsruhe Institute of Technology a 3D Ultrasound Computer Tomography (USCT) system is under development for early breast cancer detection. With 3.5 million of acquired raw data and up to one billion voxels for one image, the reconstruction of breast volumes may last for weeks in highest possible resolution. The currently applied backprojection algorithm, based on the synthetic aperture focusing technique (SAFT), offers only limited potential for further decrease of the reconstruction time. An alternative reconstruction method could apply signal detected data and rasterizes the backprojected ellipsoids directly. A well-known rasterization algorithm is the Bresenham algorithm, which was originally designed to rasterize lines. In this work an existing Bresenham concept to rasterize circles is extended to comply with the requirements of image reconstruction in USCT: the circle rasterization was adapted to rasterize spheres and extended to floating point parameterization. The evaluation of the algorithm showed that the quality of the rasterization is comparable to the original algorithm. The achieved performance of the circle and sphere rasterization algorithm was 12MVoxel/s and 3.5MVoxel/s. When taking the performance increase due to the reduced A-Scan data into account, an acceleration of factor 28 in comparison to the currently applied algorithm could be reached. For future work the presented rasterization algorithm offers additional potential for further speed up.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 March 2011
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 7968, Medical Imaging 2011: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy, 796803 (25 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878255
Show Author Affiliations
Norbert Spieß, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
Michael Zapf, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
Nicole V. Ruiter, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7968:
Medical Imaging 2011: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy
Jan D'hooge; Marvin M. Doyley, Editor(s)

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