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Proceedings Paper

Optical phase conjugation by dynamic holography for wavefront restoration in turbid media
Author(s): N. Ortega-Quijano; F. Fanjul-Vélez; I. Salas-García; O. G. Romanov; D. V. Gorbach; A. L. Tolstik; J. L. Arce-Diego
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Paper Abstract

Optical Phase Conjugation is a non-linear optical phenomenon that generates a phase conjugate replica of an incident beam. It has been widely used to suppress the effects of aberrations in optical systems such as resonators or imagetransmitting optical fibers. In this work, the possibility of using optical phase conjugation as a means of suppressing the effect of scattering in turbid media is analyzed, with the final aim to apply it to biological tissues. Firstly, light propagation through a slab representing a turbid sample was calculated by solving Maxwell's equations with the Finite-Difference Time-Domain method, in order to preserve all the information about the phase and coherence of the wavefront. The non-linear process that takes place within the phase conjugation mirror is described by coupledwave theory. A set of simulations was performed, and the results confirm the feasibility of using this effect to compensate the effect of scattering in turbid media. Subsequently, an experimental set-up was performed. In order to obtain a phase conjugation mirror, degenerate fourwave mixing was achieved by a real-time volume holography configuration. The pulsed laser source was a Nd3+:YAG laser at its second-harmonic (532nm). An ethanol solution of Rhodamine 6G was used as a non-linear medium. A lipidbased scattering sample was obtained by a solution of homogenized milk and distilled water, which provided us with an appropriate tissue phantom. The experimental results demonstrate scattering suppression, and constitute some preliminary measurements of an effect with a promising potential for a wide range of applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 February 2010
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 7562, Optical Interactions with Tissues and Cells XXI, 75620A (22 February 2010); doi: 10.1117/12.842179
Show Author Affiliations
N. Ortega-Quijano, Univ. de Cantabria (Spain)
F. Fanjul-Vélez, Univ. de Cantabria (Spain)
I. Salas-García, Univ. de Cantabria (Spain)
O. G. Romanov, Belarusian State Univ. (Belarus)
D. V. Gorbach, Belarusian State Univ. (Belarus)
A. L. Tolstik, Belarusian State Univ. (Belarus)
J. L. Arce-Diego, Univ. de Cantabria (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7562:
Optical Interactions with Tissues and Cells XXI
E. Duco Jansen; Robert J. Thomas, Editor(s)

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