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Proceedings Paper

Poisson noise removal in multivariate count data
Author(s): J. M. Fadili; J.-L. Starck; B. Zhang; S. Digel
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Paper Abstract

The Multi-scale Variance Stabilization Transform (MSVST) has recently been proposed for 2D Poisson data denoising.1 In this work, we present an extension of the MSVST with the wavelet transform to multivariate data-each pixel is vector-valued-, where the vector field dimension may be the wavelength, the energy, or the time. Such data can be viewed naively as 3D data where the third dimension may be time, wavelength or energy (e.g. hyperspectral imaging). But this naive analysis using a 3D MSVST would be awkward as the data dimensions have different physical meanings. A more appropriate approach would be to use a wavelet transform, where the time or energy scale is not connected to the spatial scale. We show that our multivalued extension of MSVST can be used advantageously for approximately Gaussianizing and stabilizing the variance of a sequence of independent Poisson random vectors. This approach is shown to be fast and very well adapted to extremely low-count situations. We use a hypothesis testing framework in the wavelet domain to denoise the Gaussianized and stabilized coefficients, and then apply an iterative reconstruction algorithm to recover the estimated vector field of intensities underlying the Poisson data. Our approach is illustrated for the detection and characterization of astrophysical sources of high-energy gamma rays, using realistic simulated observations. We show that the multivariate MSVST permits efficient estimation across the time/energy dimension and immediate recovery of spectral properties.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 September 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 7446, Wavelets XIII, 74461B (3 September 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.825063
Show Author Affiliations
J. M. Fadili, GREYC, CNRS, ENSICAEN-Univ. (France)
J.-L. Starck, Lab. AIM, CEA/DSM, CNRS, Univ. Paris Diderot (France)
B. Zhang, Philips Healthcare (France)
S. Digel, Stanford Linear Accelerator Ctr. (United States)
Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7446:
Wavelets XIII
Vivek K. Goyal; Manos Papadakis; Dimitri Van De Ville, Editor(s)

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