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Proceedings Paper

Method for optic nerve intensity characterization in mice from Mn2+ enhanced MR images
Author(s): D. Xiao; J. Ribic; H. Butzkueven; K. Fang; T. J. Kilpatrick; G. F. Egan; O. Salvado
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Paper Abstract

Investigating whether manganese transport is impaired in the optic nerve of small animal model is a new approach for evaluating optic neuritis. One needs to quantify signal intensity enhancement due to Mn2+ after intra-orbital injection, along the optic nerve from MR images. Quantification is very challenging as the optic nerve (ON) is not straight, its location does not correspond to standard slice orientation, the noise is substantial, and the signal is subject to inhomogeneity from the coil sensitivity. In this paper, we propose a semi-automatic method whereby 1) the retina point and the start of the chiasm in a mouse brain MR image are defined manually in a 3D visualization environment, 2) optic nerve in reformatted slices perpendicular to the optic nerve segment is semi-manually selected, 3) an automatic algorithm extracts the intensities along the optic nerve while correcting for intensity inhomogeneity, and 4) a model for the Mn2+ diffusion with a exponential decay function is fitted to the intensity profile. Results for the study of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) are reported whereby statistically significant differences were found between the EAE and the control group.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2009
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging, 72584J (13 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.813351
Show Author Affiliations
D. Xiao, The Australian E-Health Research Ctr., ICTC, CSIRO (Australia)
J. Ribic, The Univ. of Melbourne (Australia)
Univ. of Oslo (Norway)
H. Butzkueven, The Univ. of Melbourne (Australia)
K. Fang, The Univ. of Melbourne (Australia)
T. J. Kilpatrick, The Univ. of Melbourne (Australia)
G. F. Egan, The Univ. of Melbourne (Australia)
O. Salvado, The Australian E-Health Research Ctr., ICTC, CSIRO (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7258:
Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging
Ehsan Samei; Jiang Hsieh, Editor(s)

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