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Proceedings Paper

High-performance computer aided detection system for polyp detection in CT colonography with fluid and fecal tagging
Author(s): Jiamin Liu; Shijun Wang; Suraj Kabadi; Ronald M. Summers
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Paper Abstract

CT colonography (CTC) is a feasible and minimally invasive method for the detection of colorectal polyps and cancer screening. Computer-aided detection (CAD) of polyps has improved consistency and sensitivity of virtual colonoscopy interpretation and reduced interpretation burden. A CAD system typically consists of four stages: (1) image preprocessing including colon segmentation; (2) initial detection generation; (3) feature selection; and (4) detection classification. In our experience, three existing problems limit the performance of our current CAD system. First, highdensity orally administered contrast agents in fecal-tagging CTC have scatter effects on neighboring tissues. The scattering manifests itself as an artificial elevation in the observed CT attenuation values of the neighboring tissues. This pseudo-enhancement phenomenon presents a problem for the application of computer-aided polyp detection, especially when polyps are submerged in the contrast agents. Second, general kernel approach for surface curvature computation in the second stage of our CAD system could yield erroneous results for thin structures such as small (6-9 mm) polyps and for touching structures such as polyps that lie on haustral folds. Those erroneous curvatures will reduce the sensitivity of polyp detection. The third problem is that more than 150 features are selected from each polyp candidate in the third stage of our CAD system. These high dimensional features make it difficult to learn a good decision boundary for detection classification and reduce the accuracy of predictions. Therefore, an improved CAD system for polyp detection in CTC data is proposed by introducing three new techniques. First, a scale-based scatter correction algorithm is applied to reduce pseudo-enhancement effects in the image pre-processing stage. Second, a cubic spline interpolation method is utilized to accurately estimate curvatures for initial detection generation. Third, a new dimensionality reduction classifier, diffusion map and local linear embedding (DMLLE), is developed for classification and false positives (FP) reduction. Performance of the improved CAD system is evaluated and compared with our existing CAD system (without applying those techniques) using CT scans of 1186 patients. These scans are divided into a training set and a test set. The sensitivity of the improved CAD system increased 18% on training data at a rate of 5 FPs per patient and 15% on test data at a rate of 5 FPs per patient. Our results indicated that the improved CAD system achieved significantly better performance on medium-sized colonic adenomas with higher sensitivity and lower FP rate in CTC.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2009
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 7260, Medical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 72601B (3 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.811654
Show Author Affiliations
Jiamin Liu, National Institutes of Health Clinical Ctr. (United States)
Shijun Wang, National Institutes of Health Clinical Ctr. (United States)
Suraj Kabadi, National Institutes of Health Clinical Ctr. (United States)
Ronald M. Summers, National Institutes of Health Clinical Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7260:
Medical Imaging 2009: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Nico Karssemeijer; Maryellen L. Giger, Editor(s)

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