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Proceedings Paper

Blind motion compensation for positron-emission-tomography
Author(s): Moritz Blume; Andreas Keil; Nassir Navab; Magdalena Rafecas
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Paper Abstract

A major problem of high-resolution positron-emission-tomography (PET) are subject movements during acquisition. We propose a new motion compensation algorithm called "Blind Motion-Compensated Reconstruction" (BMCR) that is able to deal with frames of extremely low statistics in the case of smooth motion. Our algorithm reconstructs both image and rigid motion just from the recorded data and does not need any external motion tracking. This is achieved by combining image reconstruction and motion compensation into one mathematical framework which consists of a cost functional and an optimization method. The cost functional basically consists of a difference term which ensures consistency of the estimated parameters to the model and some regularization terms which render the problem mathematically well-posed. The optimization method aims at finding a pair of image and transformation/motion such that the cost functional is minimal. Such a combined framework can overcome problems of existing algorithms which separate reconstruction and motion compensation. These algorithms usually try to get the motion information by registering reconstructed frames one to each other (in image space). Their main drawback is that the registration step is likely to be of low accuracy or even fail completely for low-statistics frames. A quantitative and visual comparison suggests that BMCR is superior to state-of-the-art intrinsic methods.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7258, Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging, 72580T (13 March 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.811118
Show Author Affiliations
Moritz Blume, Instituto de Física Corpuscular (Spain)
Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Andreas Keil, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Nassir Navab, Technische Univ. München (Germany)
Magdalena Rafecas, Instituto de Física Corpuscular (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7258:
Medical Imaging 2009: Physics of Medical Imaging
Ehsan Samei; Jiang Hsieh, Editor(s)

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