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Proceedings Paper

Mapping brain development during childhood, adolescence and young adulthood
Author(s): Xiaojuan Guo; Zhen Jin; Kewei Chen; Danling Peng; Li Yao
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Paper Abstract

Using optimized voxel-based morphometry (VBM), this study systematically investigated the differences and similarities of brain structural changes during the early three developmental periods of human lives: childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. These brain changes were discussed in relationship to the corresponding cognitive function development during these three periods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) data from 158 Chinese healthy children, adolescents and young adults, aged 7.26 to 22.80 years old, were included in this study. Using the customized brain template together with the gray matter/white matter/cerebrospinal fluid prior probability maps, we found that there were more age-related positive changes in the frontal lobe, less in hippocampus and amygdala during childhood, but more in bilateral hippocampus and amygdala and left fusiform gyrus during adolescence and young adulthood. There were more age-related negative changes near to central sulcus during childhood, but these changes extended to the frontal and parietal lobes, mainly in the parietal lobe, during adolescence and young adulthood, and more in the prefrontal lobe during young adulthood. So gray matter volume in the parietal lobe significantly decreased from childhood and continued to decrease till young adulthood. These findings may aid in understanding the age-related differences in cognitive function.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2009
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 7262, Medical Imaging 2009: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 72621Q (27 February 2009); doi: 10.1117/12.810961
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaojuan Guo, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
Zhen Jin, 306th Hospital of Chinese P.L.A. (China)
Kewei Chen, Banner Alzheimer's Institute (United States)
Danling Peng, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)
Li Yao, Beijing Normal Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7262:
Medical Imaging 2009: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging
Xiaoping P. Hu; Anne V. Clough, Editor(s)

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