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Proceedings Paper

Combined optical and near infrared reflectance measurements of vasomotion in both skin and underlying muscle
Author(s): Clare E. Thorn; Angela C. Shore; Stephen J. Matcher
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Paper Abstract

The cardiovascular system is designed to deliver oxygen to every cell in the body through the microcirculation. Optical Reflectance Spectroscopy (ORS) is a powerful tool used to study oxygen delivery through vessels less than 50 &mgr;m in diameter. Depth analysis can be achieved by varying the geometry of the incident light source and the detector of the back-scattered light. A fibre optic probe has been designed with spacings to study the capillary loops and microvessels of the skin. Similarly, Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) can directly measure haemodynamics in muscle. A combined study of ORS and NIRS is currently investigating the relationship of vasomotion in the skin and underlying muscle. Vasomotion is usually defined as rhythmic changes in the diameter of the small blood vessels and has been linked to both endothelial and sympathetic activity. It has been suggested that vasomotion in the muscle preserves nutritive perfusion not only in the muscle itself but also to neighbouring tissue i.e. skin. ORS and NIRS can provide a direct measure of these changes in blood volume. At frequencies linked with endothelial and sympathetic activity, rhythmical oscillations in blood volume of the same magnitude, were demonstrated in both skin and muscle, 15.3(4.0)% skin vs 16.3(5.3)% muscle for endothelial frequencies, (mean(SD), t-test, p=0.633) and 10.9(3.8)% skin and 12.4(5.5)% muscle for sympathetic frequencies (p=0.354). These data demonstrate the potential of these optical techniques to enable simultaneous examination of microvascular haemodynamics in two tissue types.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 February 2007
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 6434, Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue VII, 643421 (26 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.700801
Show Author Affiliations
Clare E. Thorn, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry (United Kingdom)
Angela C. Shore, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry (United Kingdom)
Stephen J. Matcher, Univ. of Sheffield (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6434:
Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue VII
Britton Chance; Robert R. Alfano; Bruce J. Tromberg; Mamoru Tamura; Eva Marie Sevick-Muraca, Editor(s)

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