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Proceedings Paper

Live cell opto-injection by femtosecond laser pulses
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescence imaging of cells and cell organelles requires labeling by fluorophores. The labeling of living cells is often done by transfection of fluorescent proteins. Viral vectors are transferring the DNA into the cell. To avoid the use of viruses, it is possible to perforate the cell membrane for example by electro-shocks, the so called electroporation, so that the fluorescent proteins can diffuse into the cell. This method causes cell death in up to 50% of the treated cells because the damage of the outer membrane is too large. A less lethal perforation of the cell membrane with high efficiency can be realized by femtosecond (fs) laser pulses. Transient pores are created by focusing the laser beam for some milliseconds on the membrane. Through this pore, the proteins can enter into the cell. This was demonstrated in a proof of principle experiment for a few cells, but it is essential to develop an opto-perforation system for large numbers of cells in order to obtain statistically significant samples for biological experiments. The relationship between pulse energy, irradiation time, repetition rate and efficacy of the transfer of a chromophor into the cells as well as the viability of the cells was analysed. The cell viability was observed up to 90 minutes after manipulation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 2007
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 6435, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XVIII, 643512 (6 February 2007); doi: 10.1117/12.700166
Show Author Affiliations
J. Baumgart, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
W. Bintig, Leibniz Univ. (Germany)
W. Ertmer, Univ. of Hannover (Germany)
H. Lubatschowski, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)
A. Heisterkamp, Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6435:
Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XVIII
Steven L. Jacques; William P. Roach, Editor(s)

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