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Proceedings Paper

Virtual reality, augmented reality, and robotics applied to digestive operative procedures: from in vivo animal preclinical studies to clinical use
Author(s): Luc Soler; Jacques Marescaux
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Paper Abstract

Technological innovations of the 20th century provided medicine and surgery with new tools, among which virtual reality and robotics belong to the most revolutionary ones. Our work aims at setting up new techniques for detection, 3D delineation and 4D time follow-up of small abdominal lesions from standard mecial images (CT scsan, MRI). It also aims at developing innovative systems making tumor resection or treatment easier with the use of augmented reality and robotized systems, increasing gesture precision. It also permits a realtime great distance connection between practitioners so they can share a same 3D reconstructed patient and interact on a same patient, virtually before the intervention and for real during the surgical procedure thanks to a telesurgical robot. In preclinical studies, our first results obtained from a micro-CT scanner show that these technologies provide an efficient and precise 3D modeling of anatomical and pathological structures of rats and mice. In clinical studies, our first results show the possibility to improve the therapeutic choice thanks to a better detection and and representation of the patient before performing the surgical gesture. They also show the efficiency of augmented reality that provides virtual transparency of the patient in real time during the operative procedure. In the near future, through the exploitation of these systems, surgeons will program and check on the virtual patient clone an optimal procedure without errors, which will be replayed on the real patient by the robot under surgeon control. This medical dream is today about to become reality.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 April 2006
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 6191, Biophotonics and New Therapy Frontiers, 619101 (13 April 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.673129
Show Author Affiliations
Luc Soler, IRCAD (France)
Jacques Marescaux, IRCAD (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6191:
Biophotonics and New Therapy Frontiers
Romualda Grzymala; Olivier Haeberle, Editor(s)

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