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Proceedings Paper

Segmentation of hand radiographs using fast marching methods
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Paper Abstract

Rheumatoid Arthritis is one of the most common chronic diseases. Joint space width in hand radiographs is evaluated to assess joint damage in order to monitor progression of disease and response to treatment. Manual measurement of joint space width is time-consuming and highly prone to inter- and intra-observer variation. We propose a method for automatic extraction of finger bone boundaries using fast marching methods for quantitative evaluation of joint space width. The proposed algorithm includes two stages: location of hand joints followed by extraction of bone boundaries. By setting the propagation speed of the wave front as a function of image intensity values, the fast marching algorithm extracts the skeleton of the hands, in which each branch corresponds to a finger. The finger joint locations are then determined by using the image gradients along the skeletal branches. In order to extract bone boundaries at joints, the gradient magnitudes are utilized for setting the propagation speed, and the gradient phases are used for discriminating the boundaries of adjacent bones. The bone boundaries are detected by searching for the fastest paths from one side of each joint to the other side. Finally, joint space width is computed based on the extracted upper and lower bone boundaries. The algorithm was evaluated on a test set of 8 two-hand radiographs, including images from healthy patients and from patients suffering from arthritis, gout and psoriasis. Using our method, 97% of 208 joints were accurately located and 89% of 416 bone boundaries were correctly extracted.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 March 2006
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 6144, Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing, 614408 (10 March 2006); doi: 10.1117/12.653212
Show Author Affiliations
Hong Chen, Michigan State Univ. (United States)
Carol L. Novak, Siemens Corporate Research (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6144:
Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing
Joseph M. Reinhardt; Josien P. W. Pluim, Editor(s)

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