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Proceedings Paper

Injury thresholds for topical-cream-coated skin of hairless guinea pigs (cavia porcellus) in the near-infrared region
Author(s): Ginger M. Pocock; Justin J Zohner; David J Stolarski; Kelvin C. Buchanan; Nichole M. Jindra; Manuel A. Figueroa; Lucas J. Chavey; Michelle L Imholte; Robert J Thomas; Benjamin A. Rockwell
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Paper Abstract

The reflectance and absorption of the skin plays a vital role in determining how much radiation will be absorbed by human tissue. Any substance covering the skin would change the way radiation is reflected and absorbed and thus the extent of thermal injury. Hairless guinea pigs (cavia porcellus) in vivo were used to evaluate how the minimum visible lesion threshold for single-pulse laser exposure is changed with a topical agent applied to the skin. The ED50 for visible lesions due to an Er: glass laser at 1540-nm with a pulse width of 50-ns was determined, and the results were compared with model predictions using a skin thermal model. The ED50 is compared with the damage threshold of skin coated with a highly absorbing topical cream at 1540 nm to determine its effect on damage pathology and threshold. The ED50 for the guinea pig was then compared to similar studies using Yucatan minipigs and Yorkshire pigs at 1540-nm and nanosecond pulse duration.1,2 The damage threshold at 24-hours of a Yorkshire pig for a 2.5-3.5-mm diameter beam for 100 ns was 3.2 Jcm-2; very similar to our ED50 of 3.00 Jcm-2 for the hairless guinea pigs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 6084, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XVII, 60840I (1 March 2006);
Show Author Affiliations
Ginger M. Pocock, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Justin J Zohner, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
David J Stolarski, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Kelvin C. Buchanan, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Nichole M. Jindra, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Manuel A. Figueroa, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Lucas J. Chavey, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Michelle L Imholte, Northrop Grumman Corp. (United States)
Robert J Thomas, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Benjamin A. Rockwell, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 6084:
Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XVII
Steven L. Jacques; William P. Roach, Editor(s)

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