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Proceedings Paper

Deriving chlorophyll fluorescence emissions of vegetation canopies from high resolution field reflectance spectra
Author(s): Elizabeth M. Middleton; Lawrence A. Corp; Craig S.T. Daughtry; Petya K. Entcheva Campbell; L. Maryn Butcher
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescence of foliage in the laboratory has proven more rigorous than reflectance for correlation to plant physiology. Especially useful are emissions produced from two stable red and far-red chlorophyll fluorescence (ChlF) peaks centered at 685 nm and 735 nm. Methods have been developed elsewhere to extract steady state solar induced fluorescence (SIF) from apparent reflectance of vegetation canopies/landscapes using the Fraunhofer Line Depth (FLD) principal. Our study utilized these methods in conjunction with field-acquired high spectral resolution canopy reflectance spectra obtained in 2004 and 2005 over corn crops and small tree plots of three deciduous species (red maple, tulip poplar, sweet gum). Leaf level measurements were also made of foliage which included ChlF, photosynthesis, and leaf constituents (photosynthetic pigment, carbon (C), and nitrogen (N) contents). As part of ongoing experiments, measurements were made on N application plots within corn (280, 140, 70, and 0 kg N/ha) and tree (0, 37.5, 75, 112.5, 150 kg N /ha) sites at the USDA/Agriculture Research Service in Beltsville, MD. SIF intensities for ChlF were derived directly from canopy reflectance spectra in specific narrow- band regions associated with atmospheric oxygen absorption features centered at 688 and 760 nm. The red/far-red SIF ratio (SIFratio) derived from these field reflectance spectra successfully discriminated foliar pigment ratios altered by N application rates in both corn crops. This ratio was also positively correlated to the C/N ratio at leaf and canopy levels, for the available corn data (e.g., 2004). No consistent N treatment or species differences in SIF were detected in the tree foliage, but additional 2005 data are forthcoming. This study has relevance to future passive satellite remote sensing approaches to monitoring C dynamics from space.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 November 2005
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5996, Optical Sensors and Sensing Systems for Natural Resources and Food Safety and Quality, 599607 (8 November 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.631159
Show Author Affiliations
Elizabeth M. Middleton, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Lawrence A. Corp, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Craig S.T. Daughtry, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (United States)
Petya K. Entcheva Campbell, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore County (United States)
L. Maryn Butcher, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5996:
Optical Sensors and Sensing Systems for Natural Resources and Food Safety and Quality
Yud-Ren Chen; George E. Meyer; Shu-I Tu, Editor(s)

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