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Proceedings Paper

Endoscopic cystoventriculostomy and ventriculocysternostomy using a recently developed 2.0-micron fiber-guided high-power diode-pumped solid state laser in children with hydrocephalus
Author(s): Hans Christoph Ludwig; Thomas Kruschat; Torsten Knobloch; Kevin Rostasy; Michael Buchfelder
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Paper Abstract

Preterm infants have a high incidence of post hemorrhagic or post infectious hydrocephalus often associated with ventricular or arachnoic cysts which carry a high risk of entrapment of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). In these cases fenestration and opening of windows within the separating membranes are neurosurgical options. Although Nd:YAG- and diode-lasers have already been used in neuroendoscopic procedures, neurosurgeons avoid the use of high energy lasers in proximity to vital structures because of potential side effects. We have used a recently developed diode pumped solid state (DPSS) laser emitting light at a wavelength of 2.0 μm (Revolix TM LISA laser products, Katlenburg, Germany), which can be delivered through silica fibres towards endoscopic targets. From July 2002 until June 2004 fourteen endoscopic procedures in 12 consecutive patients (age 3 months to 12 years old) were performed. Most children suffered from complex post hemorrhagic and post infectious hydrocephalus, in whom ventriculoperitoneal shunt devices failed to restore a CSF equilibrium due to entrapment of CSF pathways by the cysts. We used two different endoscopes, a 6 mm Neuroendoscope (Braun Aesculap, Melsungen, Germany) and a 4 mm miniature Neuroscope (Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany). The endoscopes were connected to a standard camera and TV monitor, the laser energy was introduced through a 365 μm core diameter bare ended silica fibre (PercuFib, LISA laser products, Katlenburg, Germany) through the endoscope’s working channel. The continuous wave laser was operated at power levels from 5 to 15 Watt in continuous and chopped mode. The frequency of the laser in chopped mode was varied between 5 and 20 Hz. All patients tolerated the procedure well. No immediate or long term side effects were noted. In 3 patients with cystic compression of the 4th ventricle, insertion of a shunt device could be avoided. The authors conclude that the use of the new RevolixTM laser enables safe and effective procedures in neuroendoscopy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2005
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5686, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics, (25 April 2005); doi: 10.1117/12.590622
Show Author Affiliations
Hans Christoph Ludwig, Georg-August-Univ. (Germany)
Thomas Kruschat, Georg-August-Univ. (Germany)
Torsten Knobloch, Georg-August-Univ. (Germany)
Kevin Rostasy, Georg-August-Univ. (Germany)
Michael Buchfelder, Georg-August-Univ. (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5686:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics
Brian Jet-Fei Wong M.D.; Eugene A. Trowers M.D.; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Abraham Katzir; Nikiforos Kollias; Reza S. Malek M.D.; Henry Hirschberg M.D.; Kenneth Eugene Bartels D.V.M.; Steen J. Madsen; Lloyd P. Tate V.D.M.; Lawrence S. Bass M.D.; Werner T. W. de Riese; Karen M. McNally-Heintzelman, Editor(s)

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