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Robust iterative estimation of material abundances based on spectral filters exploiting the SVD
Author(s): Wolfgang Krippner; Johannes Anastasiadis; Fernando Puente León
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Paper Abstract

Spectral unmixing aims to determine the relative amount (so-called abundances) of raw materials (so-called endmembers) in hyperspectral images (HSI). Libraries of endmember spectra are often given. Since the linear mixing model assigns one spectrum to each raw material, the endmember variability is not considered. Computationally costly algorithms exist to still derive precise abundances. In the method proposed in this work, we use only the pseudoinverse of the matrix of the endmember spectra to estimate the abundances. As can be shown, this approach circumvents the necessity of acquiring a HSI and is less computationally costly. To become robust against model deviations, we iteratively estimate the abundances by modifying the matrix of the endmember spectra used to derive the pseudoinverse. The values to modify each endmember spectrum are derived involving the singular value decomposition and the grade of violation of physical constraints to the abundances. Unlike existing algorithms, we account for the endmember variability and force simultaneously to meet physical constraints. Evaluations of samples for material mixtures, such as mixtures of color powders and quartz sands, show that more accurate abundance estimates result. A physical interpretation of these estimates is enabled in most cases.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 May 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 10986, Algorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery XXV, 109861T (14 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2518195
Show Author Affiliations
Wolfgang Krippner, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
Johannes Anastasiadis, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)
Fernando Puente León, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10986:
Algorithms, Technologies, and Applications for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery XXV
Miguel Velez-Reyes; David W. Messinger, Editor(s)

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