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Proceedings Paper

Quantifying changes in lenticular stiffness with optical coherence elastography
Author(s): Hongqiu Zhang; Chen Wu; Manmohan Singh; Salavat Aglyamov; Kirill Larin
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Paper Abstract

Maintaining a normal intraocular pressure (IOP) is important to visual health. Elevated IOPs have been implicated in many diseases, such as glaucoma and uveitis. The effects of an elevated IOP on the delicate tissues of the optic nervehead and retina are well-studied, but there is a lack of information about the effects of high IOPs on the stiffness of the crystalline lens. Changes in lenticular biomechanical properties have been implicated in diseases such as presbyopia and cataract, therefore, measuring lenticular biomechanical properties is crucial to understanding the etiology and progression of the leading causes of vision impairment. Additionally, there has been even less research focused on the effects of storage media on lenticular stiffness. Previous studies have been focused on the “gold standard” of mechanical testing on excised lenses. However, mechanical testing is invasive and destructive, and removal of the lens from the eyeglobe does not allow for properly replicating the lens environment in the eye-globe. Thus, there is a need for noninvasive measurement techniques capable of performing in situ and in vivo elastographic measurements of the lens. Here, we artificially controlled the IOP of whole porcine eye-globes (N=3). Acoustic radiation force induced low amplitude displacements (<10 μm) at the apex of the lenses, which then propagated as an elastic wave. The elastic wave propagation was detected by a phase-sensitive optical coherence elastography (PhS-OCE) system. The results show that the stiffness of the lenses increased when IOP increased from 10 mmHg IOP to 40 mmHg. Additional OCE measurements were made on excised lenses stored in various media (PBS, DMEM, and M-199) at different pHs (4-7) and at different temperatures (4°C, 22°C, and 37°C). The results show that the stiffness of the lenses increased slightly when incubated at 4°C or 22°C, but decreased when the lenses were incubated at 37°C, while lenses incubated in M-199 showed more stability in their stiffness than lenses incubated in PBS and DMEM. Moreover, the lenses stored in M-199 at a pH of 7 showed a decrease in stiffness over 24 hours, while the more acidic M-199 media caused an increase in lenticular stiffness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 February 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10858, Ophthalmic Technologies XXIX, 108580J (28 February 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2512013
Show Author Affiliations
Hongqiu Zhang, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Chen Wu, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Manmohan Singh, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Salavat Aglyamov, Univ. of Houston (United States)
The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Kirill Larin, Univ. of Houston (United States)
Tomsk State Univ. (Russian Federation)
Baylor College of Medicine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10858:
Ophthalmic Technologies XXIX
Fabrice Manns; Per G. Söderberg; Arthur Ho, Editor(s)

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