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Proceedings Paper

Novel active-SfM solution for three-dimensional crime scene documentation
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Paper Abstract

As forensic science technologies progress, digital photography in the crime scene documentation is being replaced in favor of high-precision 3D measurements. Three-dimensional documentation presents every object in the context of the entire crime scene and allows accurate measurements between potentially important traces, like bloodstains or weapons. These and other advanced 3D documentation and analysis tools have improved the possibilities of investigation to a previously unattainable level. We present a novel solution for detailed 3D documentation, which overcomes the limitations of commonly used 3D measurement techniques, e.g. highly accurate Structured Light Scanning or convenient to use Structure from Motion. Our solution, called active-SfM, involves the use of special projection devices to project a random pattern on the part of the scene under measurement. This modification makes the measurement process robust and reliable, even when measuring featureless surfaces. The reconstructed 3D model has better quality and surface uniformity than the result of standard Structure from Motion measurements. Moreover, the acquisition process remains as quick and easy to use as before the modifications.

We present newly developed equipment: wireless projection devices and controllers, that were designed especially to be used by forensic technicians on crime scenes and that are compatible with stock cameras used by them in everyday practice. We also present a full set of developed algorithms that transform input images into the final 3D model.

The proposed solution complements the hierarchical, three-dimensional measurement system developed in recent years by Polish Central Forensic Laboratory of the Police, CYBID Ltd., and Warsaw University of Technology, designed especially for crime scene documentation. The whole documentation process is supervised by a specialized CrimeView3D application, a software platform for measurement management and data visualization. We also present the outcome of measurement sessions that were conducted on both simulated and real crime scenes with the cooperation of Technicians from Central Forensic Laboratory of Police.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 October 2018
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10802, Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, Forensics, and Surveillance Technologies II, 108020C (8 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2502095
Show Author Affiliations
Krzysztof Lech, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Krzysztof Mularczyk, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Jakub Michonski, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Kamil Januszkiewicz, Central Forensic Lab. of the Police Research Institute (Poland)
Robert Sitnik, Warsaw Univ. of Technology (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10802:
Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, Forensics, and Surveillance Technologies II
Henri Bouma; Radhakrishna Prabhu; Robert James Stokes; Yitzhak Yitzhaky, Editor(s)

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