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Proceedings Paper

Entanglement-based wavelength multiplexed quantum communication network (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Sören Wengerowsky; Siddarth Koduru Joshi; Fabian Steinlechner; Hannes Hübel; Rupert Ursin

Paper Abstract

Quantum networks scale the advantages of quantum communication protocols to more than just two distant users. Here we present a fully connected quantum network architecture in which a single entangled photon source distributes quantum states to a multitude of users. Our network architecture thus minimizes the resources required of each user without sacrificing security or functionality. As no adaptations of the source are required to add users, the network can readily be scaled to a large number of clients, whereby no trust in the provider of the quantum source is required. Unlike previous attempts at multi-user networks, which have been based on active components, and thus limited to some duty cycle, our implementation is fully passive and thus provides the potential for unprecedented quantum communication speeds. We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of our approach using a single source of bi-partite polarization entanglement which is multiplexed into 12 wavelength channels to distribute 6 states between 4 users in a fully connected graph using only 1 fiber and polarization analysis module per user. We then discuss practical usage scenarios to demonstrate the advantage of some of the salient features of our network topology. These include adaptations/hardware implementations that are more favorable for local area networks and those for long distance intercity links. Our implementation consisted of a single Type 0 MgO:PPLN crystal pumped bidirectionally in a Sagnac interferometer to produce polarization entangled photon pairs with an ≈ 60 nm bandwidth. These pair wise entangled photons were split into 12 different wavelength channels corresponding to 6 correlated wavelength pairs. Each of the 4 users in our demonstration received 3 wavelength channels multiplexed together via a solitary single mode fiber. Each user had just one detector unit that they used to simultaneously measure all input channels. We exploited small time delays between different channels to isolate the relevant signal from noise. We measured the quality of entanglement between each channel pair simultaneously and calculated the effective secure key rate using the E91 protocol. Our experiment showed the effectiveness of our network topology and its scalability against noise, number of users and losses. Further experiments are underway to increase the number of clients and improve the scalability of the topology. Also, we plan to demonstrate distributed computation tasks like secure auctions, Byzantine fault tolerance, and asynchronous reference frame agreement are feasible using our network architecture.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 October 2018
Proc. SPIE 10803, Quantum Information Science and Technology IV, 1080305 (11 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2327000
Show Author Affiliations
Sören Wengerowsky, Institut für Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation (Austria)
Siddarth Koduru Joshi, Univ. of Bristol (United Kingdom)
Fabian Steinlechner, Institut für Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation (Austria)
Hannes Hübel, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH (Austria)
Rupert Ursin, Institut für Quantenoptik und Quanteninformation (Austria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10803:
Quantum Information Science and Technology IV
Mark T. Gruneisen; Miloslav Dusek; John G. Rarity, Editor(s)

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