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Proceedings Paper

Alternating sign bias in the angular velocity sensors on the base of resonators of the whispering gallery modes
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Paper Abstract

Optical resonators of whispering gallery modes are dielectric axially symmetric resonators with smooth edges that support the existence of whispering gallery modes due to full internal reflection from the resonator surface. Centrifugal forces caused by the rotation of material objects can lead to their mechanical deformation. This is true for resonators of the whispering gallery modes, and when this occurs, the variation of the radius of the working section of the cavity takes place. As is known, the frequencies of whispering gallery modes are inversely proportional to the radius of the working section. Thus, under the influence of centrifugal forces, a reciprocal (the same for opposite directions of the cavity circuit bypass by light) shift of the whispering gallery modes frequencies occurs. Optical methods allow to determine this shift with high accuracy. This can be used in practice for measuring angular velocity and create a miniature angular rate sensor. However, the reciprocal nature of the shift does not allow to judge about the sign of the angular rate (clockwise or counterclockwise rotates the object). In this paper, we propose to solve this problem by applying the initial displacement of the output characteristic point (bias). The perspectives of applying both constant and alternating sign initial displacements are considered. Also, this approach should allow to increase sensitivity to low angular velocities and reduce the nonlinearity of the output characteristic.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 October 2018
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10799, Emerging Imaging and Sensing Technologies for Security and Defence III; and Unmanned Sensors, Systems, and Countermeasures, 107990K (4 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2326278
Show Author Affiliations
Yuri V. Filatov, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical Univ. "LETI" (Russian Federation)
Egor V. Shalymov, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical Univ. "LETI" (Russian Federation)
Vladimir Yu. Venediktov, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical Univ. "LETI" (Russian Federation)
Saint Petersburg State Univ. (Russian Federation)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10799:
Emerging Imaging and Sensing Technologies for Security and Defence III; and Unmanned Sensors, Systems, and Countermeasures
Gerald S. Buller; Markus Mueller; Richard C. Hollins; Robert A. Lamb, Editor(s)

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