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Proceedings Paper

Generation of synthetic celestial imagery in the visible and infrared bands
Author(s): Duncan L. Hickman; Moira I. Smith; Jae-Wan Lim; Yun-Ho Jeon
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Paper Abstract

Celestial image backgrounds are relevant to many upward-looking sensors, particularly those operating at altitudes where the presence of clouds is minimal, and the absorption of the atmosphere is negligible. In this paper, a method is presented for the generation of synthetic celestial background imagery. For the determination of star and planet signatures, the technique uses third party databases with the underlying assumption that the various spectra follow Planck’s blackbody spectral distribution. An Image Generation Tool (IGT) has been developed to create synthetic celestial imagery within any spectral band and for any imaging sensor. The approach taken within the IGT provides a fast and efficient approach for image generation which makes the technique viable for both single frame and image-sequence generation. Example image data is presented for the MWIR spectral band (3-5μm) and the effects of noise and image blur are examined. It is shown that the cooler, brighter stars can exceed practical noise-levels in the MWIR, leading to potential false-alarm signatures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 October 2018
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 10795, Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XV, 107950L (9 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2325328
Show Author Affiliations
Duncan L. Hickman, Tektonex Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Moira I. Smith, Tektonex Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Jae-Wan Lim, Agency for Defense Development (Korea, Republic of)
Yun-Ho Jeon, Agency for Defense Development (Korea, Republic of)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10795:
Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications XV
David A. Huckridge; Helge Bürsing; Duncan L. Hickman, Editor(s)

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