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Proceedings Paper

Observing fast mesoscale atmospheric processes with a geostationary microwave sounder
Author(s): Bjorn Lambrigtsen
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Paper Abstract

A geostationary microwave sounder, GeoSTAR, capable of providing continuous monitoring every 15 minutes of atmospheric temperature, water vapor, clouds, precipitation, and wind in the presence of clouds and precipitation, which will add tremendously to our ability to observe rapidly evolving dynamic atmospheric phenomena, such as hurricanes and severe storms, monsoonal moisture flow, and atmospheric rivers, has been developed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. GeoSTAR uses aperture synthesis to overcome the difficulty of attaining adequate spatial resolution from geostationary orbit. It is made possible with new technology that has now been developed and fully tested. Low-risk mission development can start as soon as funding becomes available. The sensor can be hosted on a commercial communications satellite, which could reduce the cost substantially. Plans have been developed at JPL for such a mission, called “GeoStorm”, focused on observing severe convective storms – tropical cyclones, mesoscale convective systems, and extratropical cyclones – with a goal of improving our understanding, modeling and prediction of these destructive phenomena. It can equally well be configured as an operational mission, where the goal is to collect data for immediate assimilation into regional forecast systems, provide “now-casting” as the storms unfold, and support post-disaster relief and recovery efforts. With key observables including vertical profiles of temperature, water vapor, wind and precipitation over a wide area, many focused applications are possible, particularly pertaining to aviation, transportation and marine operations, in both the civilian and defense domains.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 October 2018
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10776, Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation VII, 107760G (22 October 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2324048
Show Author Affiliations
Bjorn Lambrigtsen, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10776:
Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Clouds, and Precipitation VII
Eastwood Im; Song Yang, Editor(s)

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