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Proceedings Paper

A dual-energy medical instrument for measurement of x-ray source voltage and dose rate
Author(s): V. D. Ryzhikov; S. V. Naydenov; V. G. Volkov; O. D. Opolonin; S. Makhota; T. Pochet; C. F. Smith
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Paper Abstract

An original dual-energy detector and medical instrument have been developed to measure the output voltages and dose rates of X-ray sources. Theoretical and experimental studies were carried out to characterize the parameters of a new scintillator-photodiode sandwich-detector based on specially-prepared zinc selenide crystals in which the low-energy detector (LED) works both as the detector of the low-energy radiation and as an absorption filter allowing the highenergy fraction of the radiation to pass through to the high-energy detector (HED). The use of the LED as a low-energy filter in combination with a separate HED opens broad possibilities for such sandwich structures. In particular, it becomes possible to analyze and process the sum, difference and ratio of signals coming from these detectors, ensuring a broad (up to 106) measurement range of X-ray intensity from the source and a leveling of the energy dependence. We have chosen an optimum design of the detector and the geometry of the component LED and HED parts that allow energy-dependence leveling to within specified limits. The deviation in energy dependence of the detector does not exceed about 5% in the energy range from 30 to 120 keV. The developed detector and instrument allow contactless measurement of the anode voltage of an X-ray emitter from 40 to 140 kV with an error no greater than 3%. The dose rate measurement range is from 1 to 200 R/min. An original medical instrument has passed clinical testing and was recommended for use in medical institutions for X-ray diagnostics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 March 2016
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9783, Medical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging, 97834X (25 March 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2214221
Show Author Affiliations
V. D. Ryzhikov, Institute for Scintillation Materials (Ukraine)
S. V. Naydenov, Institute for Single Crystals (Ukraine)
V. G. Volkov, Institute for Scintillation Materials (Ukraine)
O. D. Opolonin, Institute for Scintillation Materials (Ukraine)
S. Makhota, Institute for Scintillation Materials (Ukraine)
T. Pochet, DETEC Europe (France)
C. F. Smith, Naval Postgraduate School (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9783:
Medical Imaging 2016: Physics of Medical Imaging
Despina Kontos; Thomas G. Flohr, Editor(s)

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