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Proceedings Paper

On-orbit performance of the Compact Infrared Camera (CIRC) onboard ALOS-2
Author(s): Michito Sakai; Haruyoshi Katayama; Eri Kato; Yasuhiro Nakajima; Toshiyoshi Kimura; Koji Nakau
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Paper Abstract

Compact Infrared Camera (CIRC) is a technology demonstration instrument equipped with an uncooled infrared array detector (microbolometer) for space application. Microbolometers have an advantage of not requiring cooling system such as a mechanical cooler and are suitable for resource-limited sensor systems. Another characteristic of the CIRC is its use of an athermal optical system and a shutterless system. The CIRC is small in size (approximately 200 mm), is light weight (approximately 3 kg), and has low electrical power consumption (<20 W) owing to these characteristics. The main objective of CIRC is to detect wildfires, which are major and chronic disasters affecting various countries of Southeast Asia, particularly considering the effects of global warming and climate change. One of the CIRCs was launched in May 24, 2014 as a technology demonstration payload of the Advanced Land Observation Satellite-2 (ALOS- 2). Since the initial functional verification phase (July 4–14, 2014), the CIRC has demonstrated functions according to its intended design. We also confirmed that the noise equivalent differential temperature of the CIRC observation data is less than 0.2 K, the temperature accuracy is within ±4 K, and the spatial resolution is less than 210 m in the calibration validation phase after the initial functional verification phase. The CIRC also detects wildfires in various areas and observes volcano activities and urban heat islands in the operational phase. The other CIRC will be launched in 2015 onboard the CALorimetric Electron Telescope (CALET) of the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) of the International Space Station. Installation of the CIRCs on the ALOS-2 and on the JEM/CALET is expected to increase the observation frequency. In this study, we present the on-orbit performance including observational results of the CIRC onboard the ALOS-2 and the current status of the CIRC onboard the JEM/CALET.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 October 2015
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 9639, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIX, 96390E (12 October 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2194769
Show Author Affiliations
Michito Sakai, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Haruyoshi Katayama, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Eri Kato, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Yasuhiro Nakajima, Remote Sensing Technology Ctr. of Japan (Japan)
Toshiyoshi Kimura, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Koji Nakau, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9639:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XIX
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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