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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Applied and computational harmonic analysis on graphs and networks
Author(s): Jeff Irion; Naoki Saito

Paper Abstract

In recent years, the advent of new sensor technologies and social network infrastructure has provided huge opportunities and challenges for analyzing data recorded on such networks. In the case of data on regular lattices, computational harmonic analysis tools such as the Fourier and wavelet transforms have well-developed theories and proven track records of success. It is therefore quite important to extend such tools from the classical setting of regular lattices to the more general setting of graphs and networks. In this article, we first review basics of graph Laplacian matrices, whose eigenpairs are often interpreted as the frequencies and the Fourier basis vectors on a given graph. We point out, however, that such an interpretation is misleading unless the underlying graph is either an unweighted path or cycle. We then discuss our recent effort of constructing multiscale basis dictionaries on a graph, including the Hierarchical Graph Laplacian Eigenbasis Dictionary and the Generalized Haar-Walsh Wavelet Packet Dictionary, which are viewed as generalizations of the classical hierarchical block DCTs and the Haar-Walsh wavelet packets, respectively, to the graph setting. Finally, we demonstrate the usefulness of our dictionaries by using them to simultaneously segment and denoise 1-D noisy signals sampled on regular lattices, a problem where classical tools have difficulty.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 September 2015
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 9597, Wavelets and Sparsity XVI, 95971F (11 September 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2186921
Show Author Affiliations
Jeff Irion, Univ. of California, Davis (United States)
Naoki Saito, Univ. of California, Davis (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9597:
Wavelets and Sparsity XVI
Manos Papadakis; Vivek K. Goyal; Dimitri Van De Ville, Editor(s)

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