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Proceedings Paper

Infrared contrast data analysis method for quantitative measurement and monitoring in flash infrared thermography
Author(s): Ajay M. Koshti
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Paper Abstract

The paper provides information on a new infrared (IR) image contrast data post-processing method that involves converting raw data to normalized contrast versus time evolutions from the flash infrared thermography inspection video data. Thermal measurement features such as peak contrast, peak contrast time, persistence time, and persistence energy are calculated from the contrast evolutions. In addition, simulation of the contrast evolution is achieved through calibration on measured contrast evolutions from many flat bottom holes in a test plate of the subject material. The measurement features are used to monitor growth of anomalies and to characterize the void-like anomalies. The method was developed to monitor and analyze void-like anomalies in reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) materials used on the wing leading edge of the NASA Space Shuttle Orbiters, but the method is equally applicable to other materials. The thermal measurement features relate to the anomaly characteristics such as depth and size. Calibration of the contrast is used to provide an assessment of the anomaly depth and width which correspond to the depth and diameter of the equivalent flat bottom hole (EFBH) from the calibration data. An edge detection technique called the half-max is used to measure width and length of the anomaly. Results of the half-max width and the EFBH diameter are compared with actual widths to evaluate utility of IR Contrast method. Some thermal measurements relate to gap thickness of the delaminations. Results of IR Contrast method on RCC hardware are provided. Keywords: normalized contrast, flash infrared thermography.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2015
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 9437, Structural Health Monitoring and Inspection of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2015, 94370X (1 April 2015); doi: 10.1117/12.2083244
Show Author Affiliations
Ajay M. Koshti, NASA Johnson Space Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9437:
Structural Health Monitoring and Inspection of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, and Civil Infrastructure 2015
Peter J. Shull, Editor(s)

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