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Proceedings Paper

Monitoring, analyzing and simulating of spatial-temporal changes of landscape pattern over mining area
Author(s): Pei Liu; Ruimei Han; Shuangting Wang
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Paper Abstract

According to the merits of remotely sensed data in depicting regional land cover and Land changes, multi- objective information processing is employed to remote sensing images to analyze and simulate land cover in mining areas. In this paper, multi-temporal remotely sensed data were selected to monitor the pattern, distri- bution and trend of LUCC and predict its impacts on ecological environment and human settlement in mining area. The monitor, analysis and simulation of LUCC in this coal mining areas are divided into five steps. The are information integration of optical and SAR data, LULC types extraction with SVM classifier, LULC trends simulation with CA Markov model, landscape temporal changes monitoring and analysis with confusion matrixes and landscape indices. The results demonstrate that the improved data fusion algorithm could make full use of information extracted from optical and SAR data; SVM classifier has an efficient and stable ability to obtain land cover maps, which could provide a good basis for both land cover change analysis and trend simulation; CA Markov model is able to predict LULC trends with good performance, and it is an effective way to integrate remotely sensed data with spatial-temporal model for analysis of land use / cover change and corresponding environmental impacts in mining area. Confusion matrixes are combined with landscape indices to evaluation and analysis show that, there was a sustained downward trend in agricultural land and bare land, but a continues growth trend tendency in water body, forest and other lands, and building area showing a wave like change, first increased and then decreased; mining landscape has undergone a from small to large and large to small process of fragmentation, agricultural land is the strongest influenced landscape type in this area, and human activities are the primary cause, so the problem should be pay more attentions by government and other organizations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2014
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 9263, Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Remote Sensing Technology, Techniques and Applications V, 92630N (18 November 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2069178
Show Author Affiliations
Pei Liu, Henan Polytechnic Univ. (China)
Ruimei Han, Henan Polytechnic Univ. (China)
Shuangting Wang, Henan Polytechnic Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9263:
Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Remote Sensing Technology, Techniques and Applications V
Allen M. Larar; Makoto Suzuki; Jianyu Wang, Editor(s)

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