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Proceedings Paper

Continuous noninvasive in vivo monitoring of intravascular plasma volume and hematocrit changes in response to blood removal and fluid replacement in a rat model
Author(s): Bin Deng; Evan Kastner; P. Dent; J. Goodisman; J. Chaiken
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Paper Abstract

We report a new algorithm and measurement system that permits simultaneous monitoring of the hematocrit and plasma volume fraction of blood within the intravascular space of an optically probed volume of skin. The system involves probing with a near infrared laser and simultaneously collecting the Rayleigh and Mie scattered light as one raw signal and the undifferentiated Raman and fluorescence emission as the second raw signal. Those two physically independent raw signals and six parameters that can be obtained by either direct calculation or empirical calibration permit monitoring of the blood in rat paws. We tested a device based on the algorithm in the context of improving detection of blood loss for people with an early undiagnosed internal hemorrhage via real-time monitoring of signal changes with direct correlation to hematocrit. We performed experiments monitoring rat paw skin in vivo while removing blood, centrally or peripherally, and then adding replacement fluids such as Normocarb and blood. Blood removal itself elicits a predictable and consistent response, decreasing hematocrit and increasing relative plasma volume, that depends on the rate and location of removal, the total amount of blood removed, the location of monitoring, and possibly other factors as yet unknown. Similarly, replacing the blood with whole blood vs. saline consistently produces a rational range of responses. Calibration across subjects and the measurement of absolute hematocrit will also be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8935, Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems XII, 893526 (27 February 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043976
Show Author Affiliations
Bin Deng, LighTouch Medical, Inc. (United States)
Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Evan Kastner, SUNY Upstate Medical Univ. (United States)
P. Dent, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
J. Goodisman, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
J. Chaiken, LighTouch Medical, Inc. (United States)
Syracuse Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8935:
Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems XII
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Anita Mahadevan-Jansen; Warren S. Grundfest M.D., Editor(s)

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