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Proceedings Paper

A novel computer-aided detection system for pulmonary nodule identification in CT images
Author(s): Hao Han; Lihong Li; Huafeng Wang; Hao Zhang; William Moore; Zhengrong Liang
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Paper Abstract

Computer-aided detection (CADe) of pulmonary nodules from computer tomography (CT) scans is critical for assisting radiologists to identify lung lesions at an early stage. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for CADe of lung nodules using a two-stage vector quantization (VQ) scheme. The first-stage VQ aims to extract lung from the chest volume, while the second-stage VQ is designed to extract initial nodule candidates (INCs) within the lung volume. Then rule-based expert filtering is employed to prune obvious FPs from INCs, and the commonly-used support vector machine (SVM) classifier is adopted to further reduce the FPs. The proposed system was validated on 100 CT scans randomly selected from the 262 scans that have at least one juxta-pleural nodule annotation in the publicly available database - Lung Image Database Consortium and Image Database Resource Initiative (LIDC-IDRI). The two-stage VQ only missed 2 out of the 207 nodules at agreement level 1, and the INCs detection for each scan took about 30 seconds in average. Expert filtering reduced FPs more than 18 times, while maintaining a sensitivity of 93.24%. As it is trivial to distinguish INCs attached to pleural wall versus not on wall, we investigated the feasibility of training different SVM classifiers to further reduce FPs from these two kinds of INCs. Experiment results indicated that SVM classification over the entire set of INCs was in favor of, where the optimal operating of our CADe system achieved a sensitivity of 89.4% at a specificity of 86.8%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 March 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9035, Medical Imaging 2014: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 90352D (18 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043964
Show Author Affiliations
Hao Han, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)
Lihong Li, College of Staten Island (United States)
Huafeng Wang, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)
Hao Zhang, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)
William Moore, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)
Zhengrong Liang, Stony Brook Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9035:
Medical Imaging 2014: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Stephen Aylward; Lubomir M. Hadjiiski, Editor(s)

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