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Proceedings Paper

Sentinel-2 diffuser on-ground calibration
Author(s): E. Mazy; F. Camus; V. Chorvalli; I. Domken; A. Laborie; S. Marcotte; Y. Stockman
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Paper Abstract

The Sentinel-2 multi-spectral instrument (MSI) will provide Earth imagery in the frame of the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) initiative which is a joint undertaking of the European Commission and the Agency. MSI instrument, under Astrium SAS responsibility, is a push-broom spectro imager in 13 spectral channels in VNIR and SWIR. The instrument radiometric calibration is based on in-flight calibration with sunlight through a quasi Lambertian diffuser. The diffuser covers the full pupil and the full field of view of the instrument. The on-ground calibration of the diffuser BRDF is mandatory to fulfil the in-flight performances. The diffuser is a 779 x 278 mm2 rectangular flat area in Zenith-A material. It is mounted on a motorised door in front of the instrument optical system entrance. The diffuser manufacturing and calibration is under the Centre Spatial of Liege (CSL) responsibility. The CSL has designed and built a completely remote controlled BRDF test bench able to handle large diffusers in their mount. As the diffuser is calibrated directly in its mount with respect to a reference cube, the error budget is significantly improved. The BRDF calibration is performed directly in MSI instrument spectral bands by using dedicated band-pass filters (VNIR and SWIR up to 2200 nm). Absolute accuracy is better than 0.5% in VNIR spectral bands and 1% in SWIR spectral bands. Performances were cross checked with other laboratories. The first MSI diffuser for flight model was calibrated mid 2013 on CSL BRDF measurement bench. The calibration of the diffuser consists mainly in thermal vacuum cycles, BRDF uniformity characterisation and BRDF angular characterisation. The total amount of measurement for the first flight model diffuser corresponds to more than 17500 BRDF acquisitions. Performance results are discussed in comparison with requirements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8889, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVII, 88890W (24 October 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2028854
Show Author Affiliations
E. Mazy, Ctr. Spatial de Liege (Belgium)
F. Camus, EADS Astrium S.A.S. (France)
V. Chorvalli, EADS Astrium S.A.S. (France)
I. Domken, Ctr. Spatial de Liege (Belgium)
A. Laborie, EADS Astrium S.A.S. (Belgium)
S. Marcotte, Ctr. Spatial de Liege (Belgium)
Y. Stockman, Ctr. Spatial de Liege (Belgium)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8889:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVII
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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