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Proceedings Paper

Raman-spectroscopy-based biosensing for applications in ophthalmology
Author(s): Giulia Rusciano; Paola Capriglione; Giuseppe Pesce; Gianluigi Zito; Antonio Del Prete; Giovanni Cennamo; Antonio Sasso
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Paper Abstract

Cell-based biosensors rely on the detection and identification of single cells as well as monitoring of changes induced by interaction with drugs and/or toxic agents. Raman spectroscopy is a powerful tool to reach this goal, being non-destructive analytical technique, allowing also measurements of samples in aqueous environment. In addition, micro-Raman measurements do not require preliminary sample preparation (as in fluorescence spectroscopy), show a finger-print spectral response, allow a spatial resolution below typical cell sizes, and are relatively fast (few s or even less). All these properties make micro-Raman technique particularly promising for high-throughput on-line analysis integrated in lab-on-a-chip devices. Herein, we demonstrate some applications of Raman analysis in ophthalmology. In particular, we demonstrate that Raman analysis can provide useful information for the therapeutic treatment of keratitis caused by Acanthamoeba Castellanii (A.), an opportunistic protozoan that is widely distributed in the environment and is known to produce blinding keratitis and fatal encephalitis. In particular, by combining Raman analysis with Principal Component Analysis (PCA), we have demonstrated that is possible to distinguish between live and dead cells, enabling, therefore to establish the effectiveness of therapeutic strategies to vanquish the protozoa. As final step, we have analyzed the presence of biochemical differences in the conjunctival epithelial tissues of patients affected by keratitis with respect to healthy people. As a matter of facts, it is possible to speculate some biochemical alterations of the epithelial tissues, rendering more favorable the binding of the protozoan. The epithelial cells were obtained by impression cytology from eyes of both healthy and keratitis-affected individuals. All the samples were analyzed by Raman spectroscopy within a few hours from cells removal from eyes. The results of this analysis are discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 May 2013
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8774, Optical Sensors 2013, 87740A (3 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2018004
Show Author Affiliations
Giulia Rusciano, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)
Paola Capriglione, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)
Giuseppe Pesce, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)
Gianluigi Zito, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)
Antonio Del Prete, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)
Giovanni Cennamo, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)
Antonio Sasso, Univ. degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8774:
Optical Sensors 2013
Francesco Baldini; Jiri Homola; Robert A. Lieberman, Editor(s)

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