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Spie Press Book

Selected Papers on Semiconductor Quantum Dots
Editor(s): Frank W. Wise
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Book Description

Semiconductor quantum dots, also known as "nanocrystals," are structures with electronic and optical properties that can be engineered through the size of the structure, not just the composition. Quantum confinement of charge carriers leads to a wide range of intriguing physical and chemical phenomena, and is a new degree of freedom in material design. Semiconductor quantum dots have potential for applications ranging from optoelectronic devices to biological imaging. The papers selected for this volume treat the fundamental properties of semiconductor quantum dots and form a significant part of the foundation on which the current field of nanoscience research is built.

Book Details

Date Published: 23 November 2005
Pages: 422
ISBN: 9780819455291
Volume: MS180

Table of Contents
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xiii Preface Frank W. Wise
Section One
Synthesis and Characterization: Glass and Crystalline Hosts
3 Quantum size effect in three-dimensional microscopic semiconductor crystals A.I. Ekimov, A.A. Onushchenko (Journal of Experimental Theoretical Physics Letters 1981)
6 Size quantization of the electron energy spectrum in a microscopic semiconductor crystal A.I. Ekimov, A.A. Onushchenko (Journal of Experimental Theoretical Physics Letters 1984)
8 Excitons in CuCl microcrystals embedded in NaCl Tadashi Itoh, Toshio Kirihara (Journal of Luminescence 1984)
10 Quantum confinement effects of semiconducting microcrystallites in glass N.F. Borrelli, D.W. Hall, H.J. Holland, D.W. Smith (Journal of Applied Physics 1987)
Section Two
Synthesis and Characterization: Colloidal Chemistry
23 Electron�electron and electron-hole interactions in small semiconductor crystallites: The size dependence of the lowest excited electronic state L.E. Brus (Journal of Chemical Physics 1984)
30 Photochemistry of colloidal metal sulfides. 7. Absorption and fluorescence of extremely small ZnS particles (The world of the neglected dimensions) H. Weller, U. Koch, M. Guti�rrez, A. Henglein (Berichte Bunsenges Physical Chemistry 1984)
38 Surface derivatization and isolation of semiconductor cluster molecules M.L. Steigerwald, A.P. Alivisatos, J.M. Gibson, T.D. Harris, R. Kortan, A.J. Muller, A.M. Thayer, T.M. Duncan, D.C. Douglass, L.E. Brus (Journal of the American Chemical Society 1988)
43 Synthesis and characterization of nearly monodisperseCdE (E=S, Se, Te) semiconductor nanocrystallites C.B. Murray, D.J. Norris, M.G. Bawendi (Journal of the American Chemical Society 1993)
53 Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals Margaret A. Hines, Philippe Guyot-Sionnest (Journal of Physical Chemistry 1996)
Section Three
Arrays of Quantum Dots
59 [S4Cd17(SPh)28]2�, the first member of a third series of tetrahedral [SwMx(SR)y]z� clusters Garry S.H. Lee, Don C. Craig, Ida Ma, Marcia L. Scudder, Trevor D. Bailey, Ian G. Dance (Journal of the American Chemical Society 1988)
61 Crystal structure and optical properties of Cd32S14(SC6H5)36�DMF4, a cluster with a 15 angstrom CdS core N. Herron, J.C. Calabrese, W.E. Farneth, Y. Wang (Science 1993)
64 Self-organization of CdSe nanocrystallites into three-dimensional quantum dot superlattices C.B. Murray, C.R. Kagan, M.G. Bawendi (Science 1995)
Section Four
Fundamentals of Electronic Structure and Optical Properties
71 Interband absorption of light in a semiconductor sphere Al. L. �fros, A.L. �fros (Soviet Physics-Semiconductors 1982)
75 Size effects in the excited electronic states of small colloidal CdS crystallites R. Rossetti, J.L. Ellison, J.M. Gibson, L.E. Brus (Journal of Chemical Physics 1984)
81 Theory of the linear and nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor microcrystallites S. Schmitt-Rink, D.A.B. Miller, D.S. Chemla (Physical Review B 1987)
94 Calculation of the band gap for small CdS and ZnS crystallites P.E. Lippens, M. Lannoo (Physical Review B 1989)
102 Analytical formalism for determining quantum-wire and quantum-dot band structure in the multiband envelope-function approximation Peter C. Sercel, Kerry J. Vahala (Physical Review B 1990)
124 Solving Schr�dinger's equation around a desired energy: Application to silicon quantum dots Lin-Wang Wang, Alex Zunger (Journal of Chemical Physics 1994)
Section Five
Fine Structure and Exchange Interactions
131 Electronic structures of zero-dimensional quantum wells Jian-Bai Xia (Physical Review B 1989)
139 Quantized holes and the absorption edge in spherical semiconductor microcrystals with a complex valence band structure G.B. Grigoryan, �.M. Kazaryan, Al. L. �fros, T.V. Yazeva (Soviet Physics-Solid State 1990)
144 Coulomb effects and optical properties of semiconductor quantum dots S.W. Koch, Y.Z. Hu, B. Fluegel, N. Peyghambarian (Journal of Crystal Growth 1992)
150 Absorption and intensity-dependent photoluminescence measurements on CdSe quantum dots: Assignment of the first electronic transitions A.I. Ekimov, F. Hache, M.C. Schanne-Klein, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, I.A. Kudryavtsev, T.V. Yazeva, A.V. Rodina, Al. L. Efros (Journal of the Optical Society of America B 1993)
158 Effects of dielectric confinement and electron-hole exchange interaction on excitonic states in semiconductor quantum dots T. Takagahara (Physical Review B 1993)
174 Observation of the "dark exciton" in CdSe quantum dots M. Nirmal, D.J. Norris, M. Kuno, M.G. Bawendi, Al. L. Efros, M. Rosen (Physical Review Letters 1995)
178 Enhancement of electron-hole exchange interaction in CdSe nanocrystals: A quantum confinement effect M. Chamarro, C. Gourdon, P. Lavallard, O. Lublinskaya, A.I. Ekimov (Physical Review B 1996)
Section Six
Intraband Optical Transitions
187 Intraband transitions in semiconductor nanocrystals P. Guyot-Sionnest, M.A. Hines (Applied Physics Letters 1998)
Section Seven
Biexcitons
193 Biexciton states in semiconductor quantum dots and their nonlinear optical properties T. Takagahara (Physical Review B 1989)
219 Theory of optically excited intrinsic semiconductor quantum dots Y.Z. Hu, M. Lindberg, S.W. Koch (Physical Review B 1990)
230 Biexcitons in semiconductor quantum dots Y.Z. Hu, S.W. Koch, M. Lindberg, N. Peyghambarian, E.L. Pollock, Farid F. Abraham (Physical Review Letters 1990)
Section Eight
Single-Particle Spectra
235 Fluorescence intermittency in single cadmium selenide nanocrystals M. Nirmal, B.O. Dabbousi, M.G. Bawendi, J.J. Macklin, J.K. Trautman, T.D. Harris, L.E. Brus (Nature 1996)
Section Nine
Vibrational Modes
241 Optical lattice vibrations in finite ionic crystals: I R. Englman, R. Ruppin (Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics 1968)
257 The one phonon Raman spectrum in microcrystalline silicon H. Richter, Z.P. Wang, L. Ley (Solid State Communications 1981)
262 Quantum size effects in the redox potentials, resonance Raman spectra, and electronic spectra of CdS crystallites in aqueous solution R. Rossetti, S. Nakahara, L.E. Brus (Journal of Chemical Physics 1983)
265 Polar optical vibrational modes in quantum dots E. Roca, C. Trallero-Giner, M. Cardona (Physical Review B 1994)
273 Observation of coupled vibrational modes of a semiconductor nanocrystal Todd D. Krauss, Frank W. Wise, David B. Tanner (Physical Review Letters 1996)
Section Ten
Electron-Phonon Coupling and Single-Particle Lineshape/
Spectral Hole-Burning
279 Electronic states of semiconductor clusters: Homogeneous and inhomogeneous broadening of the optical spectrum A.P. Alivisatos, A.L. Harris, N.J. Levinos, M.L. Steigerwald, L.E. Brus (Journal of Chemical Physics 1988)
290 Phonon broadening and spectral hole burning in very small semiconductor particles P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, N. Neuroth (Physical Review Letters 1989)
294 Electron�vibration coupling in semiconductor clusters studied by resonance Raman spectroscopy A.P. Alivisatos, T.D. Harris, P.J. Carroll, M.L. Steigerwald, L.E. Brus (Journal of Chemical Physics 1989)
300 Femtosecond optical nonlinearities of CdSe quantum dots Nasser Peyghambarian, Brian Fluegel, Dani�le Hulin, Arnold Migus, Manuel Joffre, Andr� Antonetti, Stephan W. Koch, Markus Lindberg (IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 1989)
307 Size dependence of electron-phonon coupling in semiconductor nanospheres: The case of CdSe M.C. Klein, F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis (Physical Review B 1990)
317 Exciton�LO-phonon couplings in spherical semiconductor microcrystallites Shintaro Nomura, Takayoshi Kobayashi (Physical Review B 1992)
329 Electron-phonon interactions and excitonic dephasing in semiconductor nanocrystals T. Takagahara (Physical Review Letters 1993)
333 Investigation of femtosecond electronic dephasing in CdSe nanocrystals using quantum- beat-suppressed photon echoes R.W. Schoenlein, D.M. Mittleman, J.J. Shiang, A.P. Alivisatos, C.V. Shank (Physical Review Letters 1993)
Section Eleven
Carrier Dynamics/Energy Relaxation
339 Phonon scattering and energy relaxation in two-, one-, and zero-dimensional electron gases U. Bockelmann, G. Bastard (Physical Review B 1990)
344 Intrinsic mechanism for the poor luminescence properties of quantum-box systems H. Benisty, C.M. Sotomayor-Torr�s, C. Weisbuch (Physical Review B 1991)
348 Experimental and theoretical investigation of femtosecond carrier relaxation in CdSe B.D. Fluegel, A. Paul, K. Meissner, R. Binder, S.W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian, F. Sasaki, T. Mishina, Y. Masumoto (Solid State Communications 1992)
351 Evidence of strong Auger recombination in semiconductor-doped glasses F. de Rougemont, R. Frey, P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis (Applied Physics Letters 1987)
354 Breaking the phonon bottleneck in nanometer quantum dots: Role of Auger-like processes Al. L. Efros, V.A. Kharchenko, M. Rosen (Solid State Communications 1995)
358 Quantization of multiparticle Auger rates in semiconductor quantum dots V.I. Klimov, A.A. Mikhailovsky, D.W. McBranch, C.A. Leatherdale, M.G. Bawendi (Science 2000)
Section Twelve
Stimulated Emission and Gain
363 Femtosecond optical gain in strongly confined quantum dots H. Giessen, U. Woggon, B. Fluegel, G. Mohs, Y.Z. Hu, S.W. Koch, N. Peyghambarian (Optics Letters 1996)
366 Optical gain and stimulated emission in nanocrystal quantum dots V.I. Klimov, A.A. Mikhailovsky, Su Xu, A. Malko, J.A. Hollingsworth, C.A. Leatherdale, H.-J. Eisler, M.G. Bawendi (Science 2000)
Section Thirteen
Optical Nonlinearities
373 Degenerate four-wave mixing in semiconductor-doped glasses R.K. Jain, R.C. Lind (Journal of the Optical Society of America 1983)
380 New results on optical phase conjugation in semiconductor-doped glasses P. Roussignol, D. Ricard, J. Lukasik, C. Flytzanis (Journal of the Optical Society of America B 1987)
Section Fourteen
Photoconductivity/Light-Emitting Diodes
391 Photoconductivity of CdS nanocluster-doped polymers Y. Wang, N. Herron (Chemical Physics Letters 1992)
396 Light-emitting diodes made from cadmium selenide nanocrystals and a semiconducting polymer V.L. Colvin, M.C. Schlamp, A.P. Alivisatos (Nature 1994)
399 Bibliography
403 Author Index
405 Subject Index

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