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Colorimetry: CIELUV Color Space
Excerpt from Field Guide to Visual and Ophthalmic Optics
The 1976 CIELUV color space is one attempt at providing a perceptually uniform color space. In this color space, the distance between two points approximately tells how different the colors are in luminance, chroma, and hue. The CIELUV coordinates (L*,u*,v*) can be calculated from the tristimulus values XYZ or the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) with the following formulas. The subscript n denotes the values for the white point.
A value of ΔE of unity represents a just noticeable difference (JND). These coordinates can also be expressed in cylindrical coordinates with chroma being defined as
and hue being defined as