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All Technical Articles - Solar & Alternative Energy

All Newsroom Technical Articles, starting with the most recently posted:


World's oldest dedicated university optics center celebrates a hundred years of optics-related research and education, but notes the need to widen participation.

19 March 2018
SPIE logo

The Photonics West Show Daily spoke with recruiters and students about the optics and photonics job market.

26 February 2018

SPIE, one of seven international organization members of the International Commission for Optics, has supported the mission of the organization for many years.

14 February 2018

Taking a path less traveled by women.

29 January 2018
SPIE logo

The 2018 SPIE President shares her career path, education, and other interests with the members of SPIE.

27 January 2018
SPIE logo

Since its inception in 1955, SPIE has focused on providing a conduit for ideas in photonics and optics in a growing and vibrant global marketplace.

26 January 2018
SPIE logo

Struggles for opportunity and inclusion are familiar to many women and minorities working to make a career in a STEM.

15 November 2017

SPIE Classics offers a look at STEM education and outreach programs.

8 November 2017
from article 4125

SPIE Classics celebrates 100 years of optics education and research at top-ranked institution.

20 October 2017
from OP planary _Alon Gorodetsky,  UC, Irvine

The Gorodetsky Lab explores the properties of structural proteins known as reflectins, which play crucial roles in the functionality of cephalopod skin.

27 September 2017
High-speed performance and DC electrical power generation are simultaneously achieved with novel devices that include specifically designed absorption/collector junctions.
23 June 2017
Using x-ray spectroscopy to analyze a photoelectrochemical cell during water oxidation and hydrogen formation sheds light on the physics and chemistry of photoelectrodes.
8 June 2017
New gold/titanium dioxide photonic band gap semiconductor materials with an inverse opal structure are promising photocatalysts for solar hydrogen production.
24 April 2017
A whole family of promising nanoengineered photocatalysts have been identified to enable the generation of solar fuels, hydrogen, and oxygen via artificial photosynthesis.
4 April 2017
Enhanced rates of energetic photons are generated above the thermal emission limit in a hybrid thermal-photoluminescent device, which has an efficiency of about 70 at moderate operating temperatures.
27 March 2017
SPIE Photonics West 2016 Plenary

From the SPIE Photonics West Show Daily: 2D tunable materials would allow researchers to "move from still-life daguerreotype nanophotonics to the film and television era."

9 March 2017
Novel nonimaging optics solutions are used to achieve maximized concentration and matched etendue and to thus reach high operating temperatures for low-cost, fully dispatchable electricity.
1 March 2017
The efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells with zinc oxide electron transport layers are significantly affected by the deposition method and post-deposition surface modifications.
24 January 2017
Four-dimensional scanning ultrafast electron microscopy is used to selectively map charge-carrier recombination, diffusion, and trapping, with extremely high spatial and temporal resolutions.
23 January 2017
Novel structures exhibit highly directional emission and provide a template for site-controlled quantum dots and self-aligned nanophotonic cavities.
12 January 2017
A multiple-cation engineering strategy is used to realize devices with open-circuit voltages that are close to the thermodynamic limit, as well as high electroluminscence and stability at elevated temperatures.
29 December 2016
The photoelectrochemical performance of hematite photoanodes for water splitting is boosted by increasing the charge-separation efficiency and suppressing surface electron–hole recombination.
22 December 2016
A unique optical phenomenon allows ultrafast, light-dependent control over the photocurrent response of a single-phase material.
21 December 2016
A broadband, omnidirectional light-harvesting layer replicated from plant surfaces improves light management in thin-film solar cells.
8 December 2016
In the Active Learning in Optics and Photonics program teachers are taught inquiry-based strategies, and low-cost optics technologies are brought to the classroom.
21 November 2016
Immensely concentrated sunlight provides a novel method for the synthesis of many nanomaterials that possess remarkable photonic, tribological, electronic, and catalytic properties.
17 November 2016
A new approach, based on simple physical principles, is used to obtain upper bounds for the energy exchange rate between closely separated bodies and indicates the potential for more efficient thermal devices.
2 November 2016
Laser annealing opens new possibilities for increasing throughput and reducing manufacturing costs in thin-film solar cell processing.
12 October 2016
Cobalt disulfide and cobalt diselenide thin films act as cocatalysts and passivation layers to improve the performance and stability of silicon microwire photocathodes.
19 September 2016
Solution-processing methods are used to synthesize metal-oxide nanoparticle suspensions and thus realize efficient and stable devices.
8 September 2016
Novel mixed organic, dimensionally tuned, quasi-2D thin perovskite films have enhanced stability and excellent optoelectronic characteristics.
2 September 2016
Plastic foil substrates and chromium oxide interlayers are used in a novel technology that combines high efficiency, low weight, and extreme flexibility in a single platform.
30 August 2016
A quantum heat engine can be realized by subjecting a single layer of graphene to a combination of an external magnetic field and mechanical strain.
30 August 2016
Ultrafine and ultrathin nickel(II) oxide nanosheets stabilized with titanium dioxide feature exposed high-energy facets and active surface sites that enable excellent water oxidation activity.
26 August 2016
A novel synthesis method provides nanoparticles that are terminated with carbonate-like groups and creates an amorphous/crystalline structure for effective separation of electron-hole pairs.
12 August 2016
A microsphere superlens is used to convert evanescent waves into propagating waves and provide an imaging efficiency that is 40 times higher than for atomic force microscopy.
2 August 2016
Interfacial triplet-triplet energy transfer is used to significantly extend the exciton lifetime of cadmium selenide nanocrystals in an experimental demonstration of their molecular-like photochemistry.
25 July 2016
Interference lithography for mastering and nanoimprint lithography as a microstructure replication technology offer scalability for applications in photovoltaics as well as lighting and displays.
19 July 2016
Optimum sunlight absorption in thin absorbers such as silicon can be achieved via the introduction of novel pseudo-disordered photonic nanopatterns.
14 July 2016
Self-assembled bilayers enable the incorporation of molecular photon upconversion directly in a dye-sensitized solar cell.
30 June 2016
Spectroscopy studies of charge transfer from cadmium selenide quantum dots to molecular nickel catalysts reveal unexpectedly fast electron transfer, enabling exceptional photocatalytic hydrogen production.
18 June 2016
Low-cost, low-dimensional nanoarchitectures provide optimal structures for charge collection in large-scale solar energy harvesting and conversion applications.
9 June 2016
A new, simple, one-step synthesis methodology gives rise to the intergrowth of different components, which can create strong coupling and favorable physicochemical properties.
6 June 2016
Doping cadmium telluride with phosphorus provides increases in acceptor density and minority carrier lifetime to enable the construction of solar cells with an open-circuit voltage greater than 1V.
2 June 2016
A simple method for controlling the shape of cadmium sulfide nanocrystals has been developed, and the nanocrystals used as photocatalysts for water splitting.
24 May 2016
A hybrid energy harvester combining photovoltaic, pyroelectric, and thermoelectric devices enables use of the full solar spectrum to generate electricity.
21 May 2016
Functionalizing metal oxides with heterojunction nanostructures improves optical absorption and charge carrier mobility and reduces electron–hole recombination for photoelectrochemical water splitting.
22 April 2016
Totally transparent photoelectric devices can be used in photodetectors and transparent solar cells to improve UV light detection.
20 April 2016

A quantum process called singlet fission could boost solar cell efficiency by harnessing inaccessible parts of the solar spectrum.

13 April 2016
New material architectures and electrode surface topographies are used in high-power batteries to improve battery lifetime and cell stability.
8 April 2016
Fluorescent dye aggregates are used to improve light harvesting and device efficiency by increasing the dye concentration and reducing reabsorption.
31 March 2016

Novel solar thermal collectors that incorporate optics and absorbers based on metamaterials and nanoparticle suspensions can provide high-temperature heat for industrial applications.

14 March 2016
Metal-oxide nanostructures and composites have potential as functional materials for the development of renewable-energy resources and technologies.
29 February 2016
Aggregation of nanoparticles can cause significant changes in the absorption and scattering coefficients of suspensions.
8 February 2016
Two simple room-temperature and solution-based chemical processes are used to realize a new class of silver nano-network-based devices.
20 January 2016
Techniques such as electrochemical atomic layer epitaxial deposition can be used to grow high-quality pseudo-2D layers of photovoltaic materials.
11 January 2016
Water splitting by integrated photoelectrochemical-thermoelectric devices can produce storable and transportable hydrogen fuel from solar and waste heat energies.
5 January 2016
Manipulation of surface potentials at grain boundaries in lead halide perovskite solar cells may enhance their photoconversion efficiency.
29 December 2015
Environmentally friendly nanoparticles may enable integration of luminescent solar concentrator technology in optically active photovoltaic windows with high conversion efficiency.
9 December 2015
Significant improvements in renewable energy forecasting have been demonstrated via situation-dependent error correction and blending of models using machine learning.
18 November 2015
An interactive crowdsourced research program, involving students around the world, is enabling the discovery of new materials for solar-powered water splitting.
13 November 2015

The key advances for lighting technologies in the 21st century are driven primarily by energy efficiency, color quality, and cost-effectiveness. The Journal of Photonics for Energy celebrates the International Year of Light.

11 November 2015
Ultrathin hybrid photovoltaic devices with customized colors and patterns pave the way toward energy-saving display systems and the integration of power generation into buildings.
6 November 2015

Major breakthroughs in photonics are changing how solar energy will power our future, how light illuminates our lives, and how technology will connect us to each other in new ways. The Journal of Photonics for Energy celebrates the International Year of Light.

4 November 2015
Tests on a polymer/dye composite series show that increasing electron transfer driving force does not always increase solar cell performance.
3 November 2015
Full process flow of thin-film photovoltaic modules, with accurate patterning of interconnections, allows for large-area applications and highly efficient perovskite solar cells.
29 October 2015
A mixture of semiconductor nanocrystals and organic molecules is used to absorb and upconvert low-energy photons at visible and near-IR wavelengths.
20 October 2015
A matrix-based approach efficiently simulates ray- and wave-optical phenomena together within multi-scale structured sheets, for increased efficiency in textured silicon solar cells.
16 October 2015
A novel photocatalytic reduction system works efficiently under visible light irradiation.
12 October 2015
Understanding the interplay between organic molecules and the inorganic crystal in a perovskite photovoltaic structure creates possibilities for novel, high-performance energy devices.
9 October 2015
A photoelectrochemical cell using all-vanadium redox species could offer efficient and large-scale solar energy storage, even under dark conditions.
29 September 2015
Thin nickel oxide films serve as conductive, catalytic, and antireflective coatings for photoelectrochemical systems in alkaline electrolytes for water oxidation in sunlight-driven water-splitting devices.
23 September 2015
A spectrum-splitting film is used to combine photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies in a new approach for the continuous generation of affordable electricity.
21 September 2015
A novel spectroscopic imaging technique reveals local variations in the recombination and transport of charge carriers within polycrystalline materials.
16 September 2015
Surface-sensitive spectroscopies and scanning probe microscopies provide molecular-level mechanistic information for catalyzed electrochemical and photoelectrochemical fuel synthesis reactions.
3 September 2015
Combining photovoltaics and concentrating solar power may enable the integration of low-cost thermal energy storage for the renewables-driven grid of the future.
26 August 2015
A nanostructured crystalline collector embedded in an amorphous absorber matrix offers a novel approach for hot carrier solar cells.
13 August 2015

A novel experimental approach is used to measure spectral correlations between photoexcitations and thus investigate the generation of photocarriers in excitonic solar cells.

4 August 2015
Eliminating a chemical byproduct from perovskite films by vacuum-assisted thermal annealing enables fabrication of highly stable and efficient solar cells.
28 July 2015
A new type of spectrally selective photovoltaic and thermal collector can simultaneously produce both electricity and thermal energy at 300°C.
15 July 2015
A laser-driven technique to ignite hydrogen-boron fuel offers the possibility of nuclear fusion for clean, sustainable energy generation.
14 July 2015
A novel quantum mechanical process in organic semiconductors that allows for the harvesting of spin-triplet excitons promises to enable high-efficiency solar cells.
9 June 2015
The plasmonic-electrical effect can be used to shorten the transport path of low-mobility carriers and overcome the space-charge limit in organic semiconductors.
19 May 2015
Inflatable deformable transducers promise effective and affordable devices to obtain energy sustainably.
18 May 2015
A plasmonically enhanced photoelectrochemical cell could convert wastewater and carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon fuel for a sustainable on-site energy source.
7 May 2015
With its twisted, porous nanostructure, the helical nanofilament liquid crystal phase, otherwise known as the ‘B4 banana phase,’ could pave the way to more efficient organic photovoltaics.
27 April 2015
Three-dimensional microstructures encrusted with 2D nanomaterials represent a promising platform for novel energy sources for implantable electronic devices such as pacemakers.
15 April 2015
Embedding a network of highly efficient microscale solar cells between a pair of plastic lenslet arrays leads to fixed-tilt concentrating photovoltaic panels that are less than 1cm thick.
9 April 2015
Gallium arsenide phosphide nitride shows promise for developing high-efficiency tandem solar cells on low-cost silicon substrates.
2 April 2015
Photoluminescent materials convert heat to photons, emitting a constant rate of photons that blue-shift as the temperature increases, and may enable efficient harnessing of incident solar radiation.
24 March 2015
Chemical compatibility between constituents of the active layer in bulk heterojunction solar cells affects its morphology, which in turn correlates with open-circuit voltage tunability.
2 March 2015
Nanostructured materials enable control over light propagation, absorption, and emission and enhance solar conversion efficiency when combined with luminescent solar concentrators.
10 February 2015
Tuning the near-surface band structure of group III-nitride nanowires using magnesium dopants leads to efficient and stable photocatalysts for solar water splitting.
9 February 2015
A technique for quickly removing solar cells from their fabrication base, incorporating hydrophilic additives in the lift-off etchant, promises less-expensive, better-performing photovoltaic devices.
5 February 2015
Photoelectrochemical water splitting using semiconductor electrodes with rough surfaces represents a promising route to the production of alternative fuels from sunlight.
28 January 2015
A photovoltaic thermal receiver that separates incoming light energy by wavelength can produce electricity and thermal output of 150° simultaneously.
8 January 2015
Applying topological insulator concepts to excitonic materials shows how to create one-way robust exciton wires in porphyrin thin films.
6 January 2015
A new solid-state-like material contains nanocellulose capsules embedded within a matrix of nanofibers, and can operate for long periods in a dry oxygen-rich atmosphere.
31 December 2014
Characterizing the turbulent wake of wind turbines enables their optimal arrangement in a wind farm, potentially increasing power output.
24 December 2014
Oriented assembled 3D branched nanowire arrays produce electrodes with high surface area and rapid charge transport, and show effective charge collection for solar cells and energy storage devices.
17 December 2014

Inorganic nanostructures are used in hybrid solar cells to improve light absorption and carrier transportation.

21 November 2014

Nanosized particles with low overlap between their absorption and emission spectra allow more of the sun's light energy to be captured.

25 September 2014

As researchers race to develop novel semiconductors that efficiently split water to produce hydrogen, nanotechnology is providing winning solutions.

23 September 2014
Water/alcohol-soluble conjugated polymers can greatly improve photovoltaic efficiency.
11 September 2014
Engineering directional light emission with a simple photonic structure enables high secondary geometric gain.
5 September 2014
A digital alloy technique grows device-quality aluminum gallium arsenide antimonide lattice matched to indium phosphide.
27 August 2014
Spatially engineering nitrogen impurities in zinc oxide nanostructured arrays decouples optical absorption and electron transport for photoelectrochemical activity.
21 August 2014
Dispersing nanostructured additives in common polymers makes these tough and versatile materials suitable for optical applications.
18 August 2014
Particle transfer fabrication technology enables the design and application of general particulate semiconductor photoelectrodes, significantly improving the efficiency of renewable hydrogen production.
12 August 2014
Chemical dopants tune the properties of organic polymers, revealing their potential as thermoelectrics and as electrodes for organic electronic devices.
28 July 2014
Two simple, low-temperature solution processes efficiently fabricate high-quality photovoltaics.
25 July 2014
Bioinspired systems for artificial photosynthesis offer potential for future redressing of imbalance in the carbon cycle.
16 June 2014
Novel functional materials enable a class of embedded sensors suitable for extreme conditions.
10 June 2014
Reducing anionic vacancies in tantalum oxynitride boosts the efficiency of water splitting systems to 6.3% apparent quantum yield under visible light at 420nm.
2 June 2014
Photovoltaic cells on silicon spherical microcavities trap IR light, increasing the probability of photon absorption and enhancing the efficiency of solar energy devices.
22 May 2014
Engineered photonic materials can modify solar cell absorption and emission properties to boost device efficiencies by more than 20%.
19 May 2014
Employing a molecular solution capable of triplet-triplet annihilation in a layered microfluidic device enables the solar spectrum to be locally modified toward the UV, increasing solar energy system efficiency.
8 May 2014
In situ measurements and modeling of triple-junction photovoltaic response and degradation can reduce development cost and evaluation time.
21 April 2014
Innovative structuring processes and surface engineering methods improve the optical and electrical properties of hybrid organic silicon solar cells, yielding better performance at lower cost.
14 April 2014
The combination of solution-processable photoactive materials and high-throughput printing techniques will help to sidestep problems of traditional photovoltaics.
14 April 2014
A unique combination of two dissimilar high-temperature thermoelectric materials united with different cross-sectional area elements results in a 9.7% conversion efficiency in a single-couple thermoelectric device.
9 April 2014
Certain bacteria flourish under radiation upconverted by triplet-triplet annihilation to visible light.
7 April 2014
Picosecond laser ablation modified glass surfaces show promise for improved light management in photovoltaics.
3 April 2014
Direct visible light water splitting in a dye-sensitized photoelectrosynthesis cell makes hydrogen for energy storage.
25 March 2014
Solar cells developed from a thin hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite film sandwiched between two very thin organic semiconductors demonstrate energy efficiency as well as flexibility.
20 March 2014
Triplet-triplet annihilation in organic molecules increases the photocurrent of thin-film solar cells.
17 March 2014
Using a laser to introduce an excess of gold to silicon results in device response at wavelengths as long as 2200nm.
13 March 2014
Considering three core scenarios and four spectral bands enables the calculation of the best insulating window systems.
18 February 2014
Superhydrophobic, low-cost plastic nanocones boost energy harvesting by photovoltaics, help them stay clean, and are easy to attach.
14 February 2014
Surface and photon management with vertical nanostructures called nanopillars can increase the efficiency of photovoltaic technology.
7 February 2014
Adding poly(vinylidine fluoride) to electrolytes based on cobalt redox mediators increases ion mobility for higher efficiency at low light levels.
5 February 2014
Sequential photon absorption processes in semiconductor solar cells represent a route to improving their efficiency.
24 January 2014
Highly uniform, rare-earth-based nanocrystals of various sizes and morphologies can be programmed to convert wavelengths throughout the spectrum, providing energy and information where needed.
21 January 2014
Novel nano- and microphotonic devices enable efficient spectrum splitting, concentration, and light trapping to enhance photon absorption and increase the efficiency of photovoltaic cells by more than 22%.
16 January 2014
Nanostructures in wide-bandgap metal oxides could enhance light-trapping for solar energy technology and LEDs.
9 January 2014
Attaching a device to photovoltaic cells that converts the unused and transmitted sub-band-gap photons to usable photons significantly enhances solar cell efficiency.
3 January 2014
A novel structure combines a high peak current and low operating voltage for multijunction photovoltaic cells.
18 December 2013
A spectrally adjustable concentrator simulator permits more accurate assessment of high-performance photovoltaics.
12 December 2013
A simple one-step method enables the synthesis of low-temperature solution-processed transition metal oxides, with oxygen vacancies as n-dopants.
3 December 2013
In addition to improving device efficiency, work on photovoltaics must focus on three aspects to be able to compete with fossil-fuel energy: material abundance, low cost, and high productivity.
27 November 2013
Thin-film solar cells achieve improved efficiency by incorporating radial junction silicon nanowire devices.
26 November 2013
Plasmonically induced carrier generation and enhanced carrier extraction improve photovoltaic performance.
13 November 2013
Solar power systems that track the sun see greater efficiencies when photovoltaic panels are arranged in layers.
12 November 2013
An array of split-ring resonators efficiently absorbs and re-emits thermal energy as IR radiation to power thermophotovoltaic systems.
4 November 2013
Hierarchical structures are a cost-effective method of photon management.
17 October 2013
Indium gallium arsenide nanowires grown directly on graphene spontaneously develop a distinct core-shell architecture, useful for a range of optoelectronic applications.
23 September 2013

Solar hydrogen production is enhanced by 200% by exploiting plasmon resonance in a photoelectrode composed of silver particles and zinc nanorods.

20 September 2013

Tuning 2D arrays of metal nanoparticles by atomic layer deposition accomplishes record absorption coefficients for visible light and promises substantial thickness reductions of solar cell absorber layers.

17 September 2013
Analyzing model platforms based on tetracene and rubrene reveals how charge-transfer state energy and electronic coupling determine the open-circuit voltage in organic photovoltaics.
16 September 2013
Incorporating metallic plasmonic nanostructures in organic solar cells can dramatically increase their efficiency in converting light to electrical power.
29 August 2013
Nanowire components with the superior photovoltaic properties of III-V semiconductors can boost solar cell efficiency.
28 August 2013
Microchannel coolers enable high-concentration solar thermal systems to provide cost-competitive electrical energy, desalinated water, cooling, and space heating.
13 August 2013
New photovoltaic cells made with graphene—single layers of carbon— coated with a layer of nanowires are light, flexible, offer high power conversion efficiencies, and can be deployed on a range of surfaces.
9 August 2013
A novel design simplifies fabrication of all-solid-state, ultrathin organic/inorganic photovoltaics with respectable efficiency.
8 August 2013
A carrier-selective contact device provides a pathway to achieve photovoltaic conversion efficiency at the thermodynamic limits.
30 July 2013

Diketopyrrolopyrrole-based conjugated polymers make excellent semiconductors for photovoltaics and organic field-effect transistors.

25 July 2013
Recent discoveries on the interaction of light with standing nanowires reveal their strong potential as building blocks for solar cells.
10 July 2013
A novel photovoltaic concentrator enables highly uniform irradiance on a small number of efficient solar cells.
1 July 2013
Focal zooming, a pulse-shaping concept in which the focal properties of a laser pulse change with time, improves the viability of fusion energy as a power source.
12 June 2013
Increasing the crystallinity of a zinc oxide electron-collection layer in a polymer solar cell decreases its efficiency when irradiated with UV-filtered sunlight.
10 June 2013
Photoexciting nanostructured metals and building a device that splits water into hydrogen and oxygen is a radically new way to convert sunlight directly into fuel.
24 May 2013

Combining linear plasma sources and high-frequency plasma deposition on moving substrates may reduce manufacturing costs for thin-film silicon solar cells.

23 May 2013
A new 3D solid-state battery integrates high power and energy storage for electronic device, weapon system, and fuel-efficient vehicle applications.
17 May 2013
The miniaturization of solar cells enables the fabrication of devices with high efficiencies that consume many times less rare earth material, and are capable of operating in extreme illumination conditions.
15 May 2013
New experiments characterize battery thermodynamics and highlight ubiquitous design problems that increase the risk of failure.
10 May 2013
Absolute measurement of luminescence enables the monitoring of spatial fluctuations that affect solar cell mechanisms.
26 April 2013
A manganese dioxide cathode could enable energy storage by a sustainable sodium ion battery and reduce the global reliance on fossil fuels.
10 April 2013
Technology modeled on car headlamps provides the basis for efficient collection of sunlight.
26 March 2013
Line-focus diode-laser can be used for processing silicon thin-film solar cells on glass to anneal defects, diffuse and activate dopants, and to induce liquid-phase crystallization, enhancing cell performance potential.
6 March 2013
High-resolution spectrometers enable new avenues in global carbon cycle research, including the first accurate retrievals of chlorophyll fluorescence from space as an indicator of photosynthetic activity.
15 February 2013
Experimental, computational, and analytic advances in nanophotonic light trapping promise the next generation of high-efficiency, low-cost photovoltaics.
1 February 2013

The first all-carbon solar cell was fabricated using carbon-based electrodes with an active layer composed of sorted semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes and C60 fullerene.

1 February 2013
The performance of polymer solar cells can be greatly improved by using nanoimprint lithography to create a highly ordered, nanostructured photoactive layer.
29 January 2013
Hot-injection synthesis of copper indium sulfide produces suitable ink for printed photovoltaic devices.
18 January 2013
The efficiency of commercial solar cells can be significantly improved by using an energy down-shifting material on their front surfaces.
7 January 2013
Organic solar cells, when deposited with metal nanoparticles, offer an inexpensive alternative to silicon for energy generation.
14 December 2012
A periodically textured reflector enhances the photon absorption in very thin microcrystalline solar cells and improves the conversion efficiency by 30%.
12 December 2012
High-efficiency triple-junction photovoltaics employing moth-eye-inspired nanostructures achieve broadband and omnidirectional harvesting of solar radiation.
15 November 2012
A new free-form optics design method could unleash the full potential of tracking integrated solar concentrators
15 November 2012
A computer-simulation-based topology optimization scheme finds optical designs that boost the efficiency of solar cells.
1 November 2012
Selective local removal of thin films by femtosecond lasers, without collateral damage, enables microstructuring for the production of high-efficiency solar cells.
17 September 2012
Craig BarrettThe former chairman of Intel weighs in on the Optics and Photonics report from the National Academies.
10 September 2012
Bottom-up soft matter self-assembly coupled with pulsed laser irradiation directs the growth and organization of single-crystal epitaxial inorganic nanomaterials.
22 June 2011
Increasing the rate of molecular splitting at elevated temperatures promotes sunlight-driven production of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons.
6 September 2012
High-efficiency photovoltaic devices using pulsed laser microtextured silicon surfaces provide an alternative method for efficient light trapping.
23 August 2012
Low-cost hybrid photovoltaics based on organic conjugated molecules and silicon nanowire arrays with a power conversion efficiency of ∼10% enable high-performance solar cells.
15 August 2012
Hybrid solar cells of silicon nanowire and poly(3,4-ethylene-dioxythiophene):polystyrenesulfonate have been fabricated using only a thin layer of epitaxial silicon absorber on a silicon substrate.
7 August 2012
Exploiting the conductive properties of polymers to produce spatial patterning—the breath figure technique—produces microscopic mesh electrodes with tailored dimensions and adjustable void diameters.
7 August 2012
Using aerosol processes to synthesize biohybrid, thin-film solar cells can be a cost-effective way to improve the efficiency of metal oxide-based photovoltaic devices.
6 August 2012
A low-cost technique offers a way to charge electrets by effectively generating ions using a negative ion air purifier.
5 July 2012
Using fluorescent samarium-doped borate glasses to cover cadmium telluride solar cells boosts efficiency in the UV.
11 June 2012
Interference lithography and nanoimprint processes can be used to manufacture photonic structures for solar cells in an industrially feasible process chain.
4 June 2012
High-performance computer-based light-harvesting simulations suggest new ways of optimizing thin-film photovoltaics.
1 June 2012
Cheaper photovoltaic conversion of sunlight requires more efficient solar cells based on ultra-thin semiconductor layers, which in turn depend on nanoscale architectures.
25 May 2012
Mature silicon thin-film deposition techniques combined with advanced radial junction designs could yield a new generation of photovoltaics that compete on cost with national power grid infrastructures.
10 May 2012
Harnessing LightStakeholders hope that the forthcoming study provides a shot in the arm for awareness and funding.
14 March 2012
Silicon nanocrystals can shape incident solar radiation and ‘cut’ high-energy photons into multiple low-energy ones to increase photovoltaic energy conversion.
5 March 2012
A generalized analysis of the partial coherence of sunlight marks fundamental bounds for harvesting solar energy with aperture antennae.
24 February 2012
Rare earths are critical for optical polishingThe cost and availability of these important materials have had their ups and downs. The optics industry is using several strategies to make sure future needs are met.
9 January 2012

Integrating highly efficient energy conversion materials onto stretchable and biocompatible substrates could yield breakthroughs in implantable biomechanical energy harvesting systems.

21 July 2011
Renowned telescope designer Roger Angel has turned his attention and telescope mirror technology to concentrating photovoltaics.
12 July 2011
Nanogenerators made from zinc oxide can power small electronics with energy made from tiny motions.
8 July 2011
Thermodynamically efficient optical designs are dramatically improving the performance and cost effectiveness of solar concentrating and illumination systems. Roland Winston reports on his research group's work.
6 July 2011
A new technique based on the plucking of flexible piezoelectric material can be used to boost energy harvested to power portable electronic devices.
10 June 2011

A unique collaboration between UC Santa Cruz and NASA Ames Research Center enables academia, industry, and startups to access laboratory resources.

9 June 2011
Piezoresistive Wheatstone bridges allow acquisition of a variety of data in extreme environments.
27 May 2011
Piezoceramic benders attached to pneumatic tires use the cyclic deformation of the contact patch to generate energy for onboard electronics.
20 May 2011
Modeling a new type of photovoltaic device suggests the potential for substantially improved solar-to-electricity energy conversion efficiencies over conventional technology.
19 May 2011
Metal oxide semiconductor properties have been modified to achieve split water.
19 May 2011
Hydrogen produced from water or biomass through a solar-driven process provides a low-polluting alternative to fossil fuels.
27 April 2011
Adding quantum wells to triple-junction solar cells could help deliver renewable power at costs on a par with conventionally generated electricity.
25 April 2011
A micro-scale system that uses a new method of charging electrets can effectively convert 3D vibrational energy into electricity.
22 April 2011
Innovative structures bypass the need for expensive specialized glass.
20 April 2011
Effective and efficient cell-module cooling is obtained, but electrical performance requires further optimization.
14 April 2011
Data-intensive processes optimization is effected by simultaneously uncovering multiple interdependencies between properties and growth conditions of an essential solar-device component.
7 April 2011
Zinc oxide nanorod arrays enable mechanical power generation and force sensing in solar cells.
31 March 2011
A reactive transfer method produces large, high-quality photovoltaic films for monolithically integrated solar panels.
30 March 2011
A freeform optical lens system for LED street lamps increases light projection within a targeted road area, reducing waste and improving illumination.
30 March 2011
Reverse operation of dielectric-elastomer actuators may be used to scavenge energy from ocean waves or other random motion.
25 March 2011
Scaling benefits will allow improved performance, new functionalities, and reduced costs at the cell, module, and system levels.
24 March 2011
Buffeted by the ups and downs of the solar market, Solyndra forges ahead with its innovative, US-made technology.
17 March 2011
Discovery of extremely efficient photocurrent generation through hole transfer at individual heterojunctions could provide a breakthrough for development of high-efficiency hybrid photovoltaics.
9 March 2011
Gas molecules that absorb infrared photons can reduce the incidence of out-of-band radiation at 10.6μm in extreme ultraviolet exposure tools that use a carbon dioxide drive laser.
18 February 2011
Honeycomb-structured conductive polymer films could lead to see-through solar panels with many useful applications, particularly in the building industry.
18 February 2011
A combination of high-resolution spectroscopy and morphology imaging allows visualization of morphology-dependent electron transfer.
16 February 2011
Nanowire arrays enable rapid screening of the photoresponse of new materials.
14 February 2011
A new approach to fabricating nanomaterials combines molecular recognition with self-assembly to synthesize materials comprised of ordered, nanostructured functional features.
20 January 2011
Off-the-shelf components can measure precision astronomical mirrors and solar-energy collectors as accurately as interferometric methods but much more cheaply.
20 January 2011
UV light directly oxidizes carbon monoxide on rutile titanium dioxide surfaces.
10 January 2011
A new approach to growing indium nitride nanowires has produced nearly intrinsic indium nitride and opens the way to novel optoelectronic devices.
7 January 2011
A physics-based model of the effect of radiation on the performance of solar cells in space may enhance the on-orbit lifetime of Earth-orbiting spacecraft.
3 January 2011
Incorporating small bandgap materials is a practical way of increasing efficiency in solar cells.
30 December 2010
The US Department of Energy has awarded a five-year, $122 million Energy Innovation Hub to a team that will develop a process to mimic natural photosynthesis.
21 December 2010

Training more high-school physics teachers and increasing student learning are two of the challenges facing math, science, and engineering education in the United States.

17 December 2010
Harmonizing nanotechnology material spectral properties, environmental energy flows, and human needs has applications in cooling of buildings, urban environments, and, ultimately, the earth itself.
16 December 2010
Will the sun come out? Knowing the answer can have a big impact on the power grid. Jan Kleissl explains a prototype system at UCSD.
13 December 2010
Increasing conversion efficiencies and the ability to store and transport energy are two of the goals of organic and hybrid solar cell development.
9 December 2010
Molecular engineering of dyes and deposition-technique optimization enhance performance.
6 December 2010
The flexibility and reproducibility of the optical properties of organic molecules offer opportunities for efficient photovoltaic-device operation.
22 November 2010
A fracture-transfer-print technique enables integration of multilayer semiconductor devices for efficient portable electronics applications.
22 November 2010
Titania nanocomposites, which combine element doping and quantum-dot sensitization, can significantly improve photoactivity.
15 November 2010
With properties that don't exist in nature, metamaterials open up an exciting range of possibilities.
10 November 2010
Co-doping of zinc oxide with gallium, copper, and nitrogen improves its photo-electrochemical performance.
3 November 2010
A citizen-science campaign is working to improve outdoor lighting and reduce energy costs.
3 November 2010

Evaluating the lifespan of solar installations is a challenge for photovoltaic manufacturers, dependent on developing standards and methods of testing.

2 November 2010

Now engaged in a series of shots that will lead up to conducting full-scale ignition experiments as part of the National Ignition Campaign, the NIF is nearing its objective, says its director.

29 October 2010
Colorful plastic panels collect and focus sunlight onto small solar cells, offering architects great design freedom in integrating solar-energy systems into the built environment.
18 October 2010
A novel design that integrates piezo-electric and electromagnetic energy-harvesting mechanisms may serve as a self-renewing power source for low-power electronics.
18 October 2010

Featured speakers at SPIE Optics + Photonics shared their thoughts on a range of topics including the solar market, fusion energy, solid-state lighting, and a Nobel laureate's talk on stars and scientific discovery.

15 October 2010
New automotive technologies including photonics are about to change how and what we drive
4 October 2010
Winners of the 2009 NASA Power Beaming Competition, innovators at LaserMotive are plotting the development course of laser propulsion.
23 September 2010
Fresnel-Köhler concentrators offer a simple and cheap system to convert sunlight into electricity at competitive cost.
21 September 2010
To increase the efficiency of a micromorph silicon tandem cell, a 3D inverted opal photonic crystal is introduced as an intermediate reflector between the junctions.
21 September 2010
A series of polymeric donor materials exhibits excellent properties that are suitable for industrial manufacturing of organic-solar-cell modules.
7 September 2010
Controlling the dimensions of semiconductor nanowires influences the scattering and absorption of light, potentially leading to solar cells with reduced scattering or enhanced absorption.
3 September 2010
Biomolecules and carbon nanotubes incorporated into self-assembling nanostructures form the basis for a new class of nature-inspired electrochemical solar cells.
19 August 2010
The CTO of Concentrix Solar discusses progress in solar energy cost and efficiency, and the critical role of photonics in the technology.
11 August 2010
Extended temperature-cycling tests of reliability shows that cell-connector breakage is the dominant factor in module degradation.
11 August 2010
High photocurrent densities are possible with hematite photoelectrodes using only inexpensive, scalable processing techniques.
27 July 2010
State-of-the-art, triple-junction, quantum-dot-enhanced photovoltaic devices exhibit increased output current and increased efficiency.
26 July 2010
Coupling dyes derived from the fruit of the Phytolacca genus to the light-confining architectures of fiber devices more than doubles photovoltaic performance.
8 July 2010
Narrow-bandgap quantum dots emitting at IR wavelengths may be ideal materials for solar-energy harvesting.
10 June 2010
A newly constructed testbed could be employed by future fusion power plants to track and engage targets with the precision needed to release high-gain fusion energy.
2 June 2010
Increased performance can also be achieved for photon-sensing devices such as photodetectors and thermo-photovoltaic devices.
2 June 2010
Photovoltaic effects in a uniform thin film could potentially produce high output voltage and absorb visible light.
24 May 2010
The efficiency of a solar cell in the UV spectral range can be enhanced significantly by placing a europium-doped fluorozirconate-based glass ceramic on top.
24 May 2010
We are at a golden age of laser development and exploitation -- seeing rapid enhancement of capability into ever higher powers and ever shorter pulses, and the emergence of a wide range of applications.
7 May 2010
A 9mm3 measuring device harvests solar energy and consumes only picowatts of power, allowing collection of environmental data for decades until components wear out.
4 May 2010
Lens arrays couple sunlight into a common slab waveguide to create large, inexpensive optics for solar photovoltaics.
26 April 2010
Simulations show that new developments in luminescent materials and wavelength-selective filters could enable efficient conversion of sunlight into electricity.
21 April 2010
Ultrathin, amorphous silicon, solar cells provide a means to extract additional energy from ‘hot’ electrons, offering a route to a new generation of efficient photovoltaics.
7 April 2010
Incorporating nanoparticles made of dielectric rather than plasmonic materials reduces parasitic absorption and results in more efficient silicon photovoltaics.
31 March 2010
Novel organic-inorganic composites improve the current density of photodetection and photovoltaic devices.
26 March 2010
Recent advancements in nanopillar arrays lead to more cost-effective photovoltaics.
10 March 2010
A quantum-dot-based thin-film approach enables development of light, powerful, and flexible photovoltaic cells.
2 March 2010
Nanoscale materials promise better thermoelectrics and solar cells through gains in efficiency and lower cost.
24 February 2010
Inserting indium arsenide quantum dots into crystalline III-V semiconductor-based photovoltaics results in both enhanced short-circuit current and improved efficiency.
8 February 2010
Aluminum-doped zinc oxide provides a promising alternative to both fluorine-doped tin oxide and indium tin oxide for microcrystalline and amorphous thin-film photovoltaics.
8 February 2010
Efficient light trapping using localized surface plasmons in metal nanoparticles depends critically on optimizing particle properties.
7 January 2010
Combining electrochemical etching with texturing technology leads to enhanced photovoltaic performance.
7 January 2010
Because of optical microcavity effects, using thin nonpatterned metal films instead of indium tin oxide in organic solar cells can result in similar efficiencies.
28 December 2009
Incorporating molecules with special optical properties into thin, dye-sensitized solar cells brings the practical application of these photovoltaics one step closer.
8 December 2009
Grooved metal surfaces coated with metal-dielectric stacks are predicted to meet the performance requirements for next-generation highly efficient solar thermal absorbers.
20 November 2009
Active components can illuminate 40m2 at the level of 300–400lx during mid-day working hours with sufficiently uniform spatial distribution and controlled glare.
11 November 2009
A composite virtual tour on video of the different components of a Solar Decathlon house.
4 November 2009
A suitable back layer can improve harvesting of light energy by changing two or more low-energy photons into a single energetic one.
28 October 2009

A team from Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany, won top honors for most attractive and efficient solar-powered home at the 2009 Solar Decathlon.

19 October 2009
Optimization of new and existing conjugated polymers for solar cells helps bring inexpensive renewable electricity closer to reality.
8 October 2009
A new type of back-contact dye-sensitized photovoltaic cell delivers high energy-conversion efficiency.
15 September 2009
Martha Symko-Davies, NRELIn this video interview, Martha Symko-Davies talks about NREL's incubator for high-impact technologies expected to advance solar energy
4 September 2009
Capacitance-voltage measurements facilitate robustness and transient-behavior studies of photovoltaic cells and modules.
4 September 2009

A key to solar energy becoming a key part of the energy infrastructure is reliability of components and systems.

1 September 2009
Rhenium complexes can enhance optical absorption, paving the way for more efficient organic photovoltaics.
1 September 2009
New flexible electronics technologies are becoming more viable and durable, with some ready for market as early as next year.
21 August 2009
A new type of ordering in polymer:fullerene blends explains behavior differences in organic photovoltaics and could push them towards higher efficiencies through molecular design.
20 August 2009
The former president of MIT spoke at the SPIE Optics + Photonics Symposium Awards Banquet.
13 August 2009
An operational monitoring system based on acceleration sensors may improve turbine performance and reliability.
13 August 2009
A computer model can help determine where to use highly reflective coatings in natural-lighting systems, thus increasing their overall efficiency.
13 August 2009

Martha Symko-Davies of NREL highlights solar points of interest at SPIE Optics + Photonics.

7 August 2009
Incorporating crystalline nanoparticles in tunnel junctions dramatically reduces electrical and optical absorption losses in solar cells, as well as mid-IR and telecommunications lasers.
24 July 2009
An inverted growth structure and improvements in lattice-mismatched materials enable over 40% of incident radiation to be converted to electricity.
16 July 2009
Characterizing the changes that occur in the structure of a solar cell during heat treatment provides insight that is critical to understanding device performance.
10 July 2009
Surface nanoparticles of zinc metal and bulk zinc and oxygen vacancies are produced by irradiation of single-crystal zinc oxide with 193nm excimer-laser light.
6 July 2009
Nanostructured composites absorb light and manipulate a fundamental property of surfaces to generate locomotion of objects on liquids.
2 July 2009
A naturally ventilated photovoltaic coating system could decrease power consumption for buildings in temperate to tropical climates.
24 June 2009
Harnessing the oscillation of electrons on conductor surfaces can effectively enhance the performance of organic photovoltaic cells.
17 June 2009
A novel conceptual design tool helped scientists build Sky-Sailor, a small-scale, autonomous solar-powered craft that flew for 27 hours.
17 June 2009
Interface modification in polymer solar cells using chemically tailored self-assembled monolayers significantly enhances device performance.
12 June 2009
Reflection can be greatly reduced by graded refractive-index layers fabricated in a simple, scalable process.
10 June 2009
Top SPIE Newsroom articles from the previous month, and papers from SPIE Journals and Conference Proceedings.
9 June 2009
Phovoltaic laminates are being used on capped landfills, rooftops, and other otherwise unusable spaces to create solar power.
27 May 2009
A new class of materials enables a better understanding of organic photovoltaic-device physics.
27 May 2009
Cationic lone pairs may point the way towards low band-gap metal oxides for solar-driven hydrogen production.
27 May 2009
Self-assembling supramolecular structures of tetrathiafulvalene derivatives with fullerenes have electronic properties suitable for photovoltaics.
19 May 2009
A comparison of photovoltaic cells shows that high performance ratios and high energy densities do not always go together.
15 May 2009
Acid etching followed by vapor texturing has the potential to reduce reflectance and improve the efficiency of nanostructured photovoltaics.
12 May 2009
In thermophotovoltaic systems, novel thin photovoltaic cells, are limited by carrier-transport resistance but operate comparably to conventional cells within practical parameters.
27 April 2009
Novel copper electrodes offer high electrical conductivity and optical transparency, which facilitate low-cost, high-performance organic photovoltaic production.
16 April 2009
A new type of dye-sensitized solar-cell module has achieved transparency and color choice, facilitating mass production.
15 April 2009

The Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF) is a non-profit focused on promoting, developing, and facilitating solar electrification of rural communities.

1 April 2009
2D columnar photonic structures that use holographic polymerization of liquid crystals can deliver efficient distributed feedback and electric field tuning.
26 March 2009
Organic active-layer and contact depositions using an ultrasonic spray process show that spray-deposited organic thin films may be comparable to spin-coated films.
25 March 2009
Thin-film solar cells can now be deposited directly onto commercial ceramic tiles for use in construction.
16 March 2009
Pillared graphene provides a stable architecture for enhanced fuel storage.
9 March 2009
Temperature dependent studies make it possible to quantitatively assess the efficiency of organic semiconductor-based solar cells.
24 February 2009
Networks composed of single-crystalline nanowires and nanoparticles of zinc and titanium oxides can form innovative photoanodes to enhance performance of dye-sensitized cells.
15 February 2009
Columnlike liquid crystals can be applied as small, lightweight sources of power for vehicles and mobile devices.
13 February 2009
Metal-reducing bacteria can construct electrically conductive networks using semiconductive nanominerals.
20 January 2009
Polymer-based solar cells should soon reach a suitable performance level to offer a feasible alternative source of energy.
20 January 2009
In recent years, Germany has built an impressive market and industry base in photovoltaics. Now other European countries are following its lead. From SPIE Professional, January 2009.
7 January 2009
A novel, nanostructured photovoltaic material holds promise for large-scale solar power generation.
22 December 2008
Quasi-1D systems represent the most desirable design for optoelectronic applications where carrier conductivity is required.
16 December 2008
Novel photovoltaic inks and materials may enable wide-scale use of renewable solar energy.
15 December 2008
The light-absorption properties of this accidentally discovered material promise sweeping advances from cameras to solar cells.
8 December 2008
Mark Stanley of NIST, speaking at the SPIE Photonics Innovation SummitSeveral speakers at the SPIE Photonics Innovation Summit (November 2008) explored the state of the solar industry, including levels of private equity investment, government support, and prospects for development. Audio podcasts of their talks and their slide presentations are available.
25 November 2008
Alternative energy technologies allow groups in developing countries to start businesses, be self-sufficient.
18 November 2008
The coexistence of optical transparency and electrical conductivity in In2O3 relies on an intricate synergy of the underlying crystal symmetry, conduction-band energy, and doping efficiency.
17 November 2008
Using solar power to derive hydrogen from hydrogen sulfide could reduce pollution and generate renewable energy.
17 November 2008
The creation of homogeneous functional thin films is greatly improved using a single chemical compound to control film growth.
31 October 2008
Adding multiple substituents to a fullerene-derived n-type semiconductor raises the efficiency of plastic photovoltaic devices.
31 October 2008
NASA's QuikSCAT satellite maps the global wind characteristics over the oceans to achieve optimal deployment of wind farms and to understand weather and climate changes.
8 October 2008
The future of large-scale PV is likely to bring development of inexpensive thin film and nanostructured devices and processes. This video interview with the person who coined the term "plasmonics" explores the prospects -- and the urgency -- for developing new photovoltaic approaches.
6 October 2008
New theoretical understanding of the geometric and electronic structure of interfaces between transparent electrodes and organic layers could enhance device functionality.
6 October 2008
A coordinated network of advanced remote-sensing stations tracks, measures, and characterizes atmospheric aerosol for use in climate and environmental research.
3 October 2008
Photovoltaics with porous electrodes made of nanocrystallites can convert power more efficiently than current dye-sensitized devices.
18 September 2008

What lies ahead for the commercialization of concentrated photovoltaic systems?

12 September 2008

In 2007, the Solar Decathlon saw 20 energy-efficient houses constructed on the National Mall in Washington, DC. The director of the event talks about issues in solar construction and plans for future competitions.

28 August 2008
A fiber-based organic photovoltaic may form the building block of cost- effective, energy-harvesting textiles.
21 August 2008
The low optical reflection from nanowire arrays could be exploited to improve the photon absorption efficiency of solar cells.
8 August 2008
The range of energies accessible to nitride semiconductor materials provides unique flexibility in designing quantum-dot photovoltaic structures.
28 July 2008
A novel method to assess the intensity of solar radiation on existing rooftops uses a combination of aerial images and geographic information systems software.
11 July 2008
Exquisite control over an anodically formed TiO2 nanotube array architecture, large internal surface area, and lower recombination allows for low-cost high-efficiency hybrid inorganic-organic solar cells.
20 June 2008
Laser technology applications are indispensable in the photovoltaic industry, allowing both enhanced energy-generating efficiency and reduced costs.
5 June 2008
The first unidirectional energy-transfer system on the macroscopic scale shows potential for producing efficient light-harvesting materials.
5 June 2008
Variable emissivity thermal control technology that works in the mid- and far-IR could make an effective coating for spacecraft and satellites.
26 May 2008
Inducing self-organized phase separation in polymer-fullerene blends by using patterned substrates to modify surface energies improves the performance of organic photovoltaics.
23 May 2008
Dipolar solvents may improve the morphology of organic polymer junctions and increase the efficiency of low-cost photovoltaic materials.
13 May 2008
Nano-engineered devices could enable energy-conversion efficiencies on par with bulk silicon technologies, with a cheaper manufacturing process.
9 April 2008
Energy from sources such as body movement or blood flow is converted to electrical energy by deforming piezoelectric semiconducting nanowires.
25 March 2008
Artist Sarah Hall incorporates photovoltaic cells into glass art for aesthetics and energy use.
24 March 2008
New coating materials enable controlled switching between opaque, transparent, and hybrid states.
19 March 2008
The Sustainable Urban Neighborhood modeling tool (SUNtool) simulates hourly urban energy, water and, waste flows to help urban designers optimize the sustainability of their master planning proposals.
19 March 2008
A variable emittance device, vacuum-deposited as a solid-state monolithic thin-film system, can function as an electrically-controlled dimmable mirror in the IR region with reflectance in the 10-90% range.
5 March 2008
Introducing a photosensitive modification layer between the active and gate dielectric layers of thin-film devices dramatically enhances their charge mobility performance.
3 March 2008
Single-wall carbon nanotubes improve the performance of organic photovoltaics and could bring them closer to practical implementation.
13 February 2008
Microfluidic deposition of metal grids can facilitate printing methods for building solar cells on flexible carriers without costly transparent electrodes.
6 February 2008
Significant advances are improving the efficiency and applicability of solid-state dye-sensitized conductivity devices that incorporate organic hole transporters instead of liquid electrolytes.
29 January 2008
Long-range energy transfer in solar cell architectures promises dramatically improved performance of organic photovoltaics.
29 January 2008
An inexpensive alternative to noble-metal catalysts could prove key to the practical implementation of artificial solar-powered energy devices.
14 January 2008
Optimization of annealing conditions significantly increases the short-circuit current density of nanotube-based solar cells.
19 December 2007
A novel solvent mixture points the way to cheap, flexible sources of energy and new applications such as self-powered electronic newspapers.
20 November 2007
Long believed to exhibit either p-type or n-type conduction, a conjugated polymer is shown to have the ability to act as both an electron donor and acceptor in solar cells.
6 November 2007
Constant learning, hard work, and collaboration combine to pursue a superior energy alternative. From SPIE Professional, October 2007.
24 October 2007
Germany has established itself as a world-leading center for photovoltaics technology, thanks to legislation designed to encourage its development.
19 October 2007
The ordering of carbon nanotubes in polymer hosts can significantly increase charge mobility in photovoltaic devices.
30 September 2007
This month's featured patent review by analysts from Nerac.
26 September 2007

Tom Feist reviews progress in several different solar technologies, and assesses the prospects for development in the years ahead.

10 September 2007
Economic, environmental, political, and social interests are powerfully aligned in support of renewable energy and energy efficiency.
10 September 2007
Simulations suggest that optimal integration of advanced electric- and daylighting technologies can lead to power densities of less than 4W/m2 in offices.
4 September 2007
X-rays can be used to investigate quantum confinement effects on the bandgap profiles of semiconductors, allowing better light-harvesting properties to be engineered.
14 August 2007
Piezoelectric-based sources have the potential to supplement or replace onboard batteries in in many types of devices in which ambient shock, impact, vibration, or oscillatory motions are present.
24 July 2007
Photo-induced decomposition of water on TiO2 electrodes offers the prospect of sustainable hydrogen production, but the underlying character of adsoprtion remains a matter of controversy.
16 July 2007
Replacing conventional pigmented coatings with specialized ones that reflect more near-infrared radiation lowers surface temperatures.
26 June 2007
A liquid level measurement system based on a high-resolution camera allows for fuller automation.
13 June 2007
Dopant molecules can increase the conductivity of organic semiconductors by orders of magnitude, allowing them to outperform inorganic devices.
6 June 2007
New solar cell technology will get a boost from Abu Dhabi's far-reaching initiative to become a global leader in alternative energy.
25 May 2007
Reversing the typical geometry of organic photovoltaic cells results in more environmentally robust devices.
24 May 2007
New polymer and polyelectrolyte materials and structures could make plastic photovoltaics more efficient.
23 May 2007
Thin metal layers act as recombination centers in organic multijunction cells to increase output voltage, but the effect strongly depends on the type of metal.
22 May 2007
Solar cells based on III-IV compound semiconductors and light concentration have potential applications in personal electronics and large-scale power generation.
17 May 2007
A validated simulation model can be used to investigate the effect of photovoltaic/inverter sizing ratio on performance.
4 May 2007
The development of new polymers and organic electron acceptors for solar cells increases the commercial viability of these devices.
13 April 2007
A remote measurement and analysis system based on DataSocket technology from National Instruments' Measurement Studio and the Microsoft .NET Framework offers improved flexibility and speed.
16 March 2007
Time-resolved electrostatic force microscopy reveals efficiency variations in plastic solar cells with ∼100nm resolution.
27 February 2007
Metal nanoparticle-modified microcrystalline silicon thin-film photoelectrodes produce hydrogen from an aqueous electrolyte solution.
27 February 2007
Solid-state organic photoelectrochemical cells eliminate handling, portability and packaging problems encountered with liquid-based cells.
30 January 2007
Thin-film blends of novel conjugated polymers with fullerene derivatives offer a promising route to improved power conversion efficiencies in photovoltaic devices.
29 January 2007
Polymer solar cells operate differently from inorganic p-n junction-based solar cells, with consequences for their design and performance.
27 January 2007
Solar cells can be made better and less expensively by creating them on a sacrificial silicon layer and then transferring them to a low-cost substrate.
15 January 2007
Novel microstructures enhance light-matter interactions to provide new functions, including wavelength-division multiplexing for optical networks and solar-light absorption.
15 December 2006
Advances in a versatile approach to making glass have produced a range of innovative optical materials.
14 December 2006
A novel system exploits solar energy by collecting and channeling sunlight to illuminate interior spaces.
12 December 2006
A flame aerosol reactor process that simplifies fabrication of photocatalytic films could prove attractive to industry.
7 December 2006
Fiber-optic waveguiding techniques yield a new photovoltaic device design.
3 December 2006
Thermal energy storage systems can increase the efficiency of solarthermal power plants and industrial process-heat applications.
2 December 2006
An architectural innovation that reallocates light intensity within plastic solar cells results in better-performing devices.
29 November 2006
The low heat loss of vacuum glazing can be combined with the variable transmittance of electrochromics to control solar gain.
15 November 2006
Side-illumination tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy of silicon structures provides unprecedented lateral resolution.
14 November 2006
A thin titanium oxide layer plus a low dye load allows gel electrolyte to be used in dye sensitized solar cells with a quasi solid state construction.
30 October 2006
Hybrid nanocrystal/polymer solar cell performance can be improved by tailoring the component compositions to optimize donor and acceptor band levels.
12 October 2006
Crystalline silicon, once the undisputed leader of the photovoltaic market, is now facing competition from new thin-film technologies.
30 October 2006
Adding nanostructured inorganic semiconductors to organic polymers can produce efficient, flexible, and potentially inexpensive devices.
29 September 2006

Concentrator photovoltaics hold the promise of electricity costs equal to or below traditional sources. SolFocus CEO Gary Conley talks about progress toward this goal.

26 September 2006
To enable generation of over 100 lumens from a small area source, white organic solid-state lighting devices can be stacked together using a metal interconnect.
14 September 2006
A coating that offers 85% transmittance and excellent durability can be used as a transparent electrode in flexible displays or as a thermal barrier in energy-saving windows.
12 September 2006
New polymers absorb light from the ultraviolet to the infrared, extending the reach of organic-based solar cells.
10 September 2006

The future of alternative energy sources depends on reliability, sustainability, and cost-effectiveness. John Turner of NREL discusses the potential of various technologies.

7 September 2006
Finding optimal reaction conditions for TiO2 photocatalysts is aided by molecular understanding of rate-determining steps and the factors that control them.
31 September 2006
Optimizing a recently discovered quantum dot effect that gets multiple electrons from photons could make a critical difference in photovoltaics.
11 August 2006
Although many hurdles remain, photovoltaic solar energy has the potential for wide use, particularly in developing nations where many people are not connected to a main grid.
10 August 2006
Optical modeling applied to thin-film solar cells can be used to optimize their existing structures, detect limits in efficiency, and devise novel improvements.
1 August 2006
Organic solar cells using Ca/Ag as cathode can reach operational lifetimes of 2400h under one sun illumination, at 25° C, in a controlled atmosphere.
20 July 2006
With the help of a metal oxide photocatalyst, overall water splitting can be driven by visible light to produce hydrogen and oxygen.
3 July 2006
Modeling plastic solar cells creates opportunities for targeted improvement of their performance.
3 July 2006
Non-imaging devices uniformly distribute solar energy over an infrared-photovoltaic array to enable a unique solar energy system to power its own solar tracking.
11 June 2006
An advanced thermoelectric generator outstrips photovoltaic cells in converting solar energy to electric power, and this lightweight system could power many high-flying vehicles.
1 June 2006
Ordering nanomaterial structures within a conducting polymer host provides a means of controlling the charge balance needed to create truly efficient plastic solar cells.
19 May 2006
Rechargers efficient enough to build into flashlights, radios, etc. will cut more than half of soldiers' backup battery weight.
15 May 2006
Application of photosynthetic purple bacteria in the presence of organic substances and natural irradiation successfully generates hydrogen without use of fossil fuels.
8 May 2006
A thiophene polymer that does not need to be processed using organic solvents is showing promise in photovoltaics.
4 May 2006
Large-area laminated electrochromic glass can now be produced at relatively low cost, making many new applications possible.
1 May 2006
By growing films of light-absorbing polymers slowly, self-organization—which improves the efficiency of polymer solar cells—is promoted.
1 May 2006
Recent advances in modeling the unique optical properties of nanoparticles and nanocomposites pave the way for designing and modeling coatings.
20 April 2006
Nano-textured substrates can be used to trap sunlight and couple it into thin-film silicon solar cells.
12 April 2006
It seems that the time has come for large-scale applications of electrochromics in buildings, automobiles, and elsewhere.
1 April 2006
The confluence of recent advances in photovoltaic technologies and advanced optical design has resulted in unprecedented capabilities for ultra-efficient, yet affordable solar electricity generation at high concentration.
3 March 2006
High-efficiency polymer solar cells could have a major impact on the energy needs of society, if efficiency challenges can be met.
28 February 2006
Organic solar cells are gaining attention due to their potential to be fabricated at low cost onto lightweight and flexible substrates. Recent studies have led to improvements in power conversion efficiencies with values exceeding 5%.
1 February 2006
From oemagazine September 2003
31 September 2003
From oemagazine April 2003
31 April 2003
From oemagazine February 2002
31 February 2002