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How to Shape Light with Spatial Light Modulators
Author(s): Carmelo Rosales-Guzmán; Andrew Forbes
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Book Description

Structuring light is a ubiquitous laboratory tool, and computer-controlled devices such as spatial light modulators (SLMs) can reshape an input beam into almost any desired output beam. This Spotlight covers the basic principles of these devices as well as some of the most advanced techniques in beam shaping. Many examples have been included to make this guide more comprehensive and help those shaping beams with a SLM for the first time. The provided examples are based in MATLAB (including a dozen downloadable code files), but they can be easily adapted to other programing languages. Readers need only an undergraduate level of mathematics and a basic knowledge of programming.

Book Details

Date Published: 22 June 2017
Pages: 57
ISBN: 9781510613027
Volume: SL30

Table of Contents
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1 Introduction

2 Spatial Light Modulators
2.1 Brief introduction to liquid crystals
2.2 Spatial-light-modulator technology

3 Getting Started
3.1 Brief introduction to spatial light modulators
3.2 Calibration

4 Beam-Shaping Techniques
4.1 Introduction to beam shaping
4.2 Phase modulation
4.3 Amplitude modulation
4.4 Complex amplitude modulation
4.5 Lossless shaping
4.6 Some examples of experimentally generated beams
     4.6.1 Vortex beams
     4.6.2 Bessel-Gauss beams
     4.6.3 Finite-energy Airy beams
     4.6.4 Hermite-Gauss beams
     4.6.5 Laguerre-Gauss beams
     4.6.6 Vector vortex beams

5 Other Techniques
5.1 Digital propagation and focusing
     5.1.1 Digital propagation
     5.1.2 Digital focusing
5.2 Simulation of atmospheric turbulence
5.3 Modal decomposition

6 Generation of Holograms
6.1 Phase-only modulation
     6.1.1 Vortex beams
     6.1.2 Bessel beams
     6.1.3 Airy beams
6.2 Complex amplitude modulation
     6.2.1 Hermite-Gaussian beams and Laguerre-Gaussian beams
6.3 Digital propagation and focusing
     6.3.1 Digital propagation
     6.3.2 Digital focusing
6.4 Simulation of turbulence

Appendix A: Hermite Polynomials

Appendix B: Laguerre Polynomials

References

Preface

Structuring light is a ubiquitous laboratory tool, with applications in fields as diverse as optical communications, optical metrology, optical manipulation, and high-resolution microscopy, among many others. Recent technologies, particularly spatial light modulators (SLMs), have developed computer-controlled devices capable of reshaping an input beam into almost any desired output. To facilitate an easy introduction to the use of such devices, as well as accelerating the learning curve for more-experienced users, this self-contained Spotlight guides readers from the basics to a higher level of knowledge regarding beam shaping with SLMs. Many worked examples have been included to make this guide more comprehensive and to facilitate first-time use. The minimum requirements are an undergraduate level of mathematics and a basic knowledge of programming. The examples are MATLAB based, with the code provided, and can be easily adapted to other programming languages.

Carmelo Rosales-Guzmán
Andrew Forbes
May 2017


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